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examine

[ig-zam-in] /ɪgˈzæm ɪn/
verb (used with object), examined, examining.
1.
to inspect or scrutinize carefully:
to examine a prospective purchase.
2.
to observe, test, or investigate (a person's body or any part of it), especially in order to evaluate general health or determine the cause of illness.
3.
to inquire into or investigate:
to examine one's motives.
4.
to test the knowledge, reactions, or qualifications of (a pupil, candidate, etc.), as by questions or assigning tasks.
5.
to subject to legal inquisition; put to question in regard to conduct or to knowledge of facts; interrogate:
to examine a witness; to examine a suspect.
Origin
1275-1325
1275-1325; Middle English < Middle French examiner < Latin exāmināre to weigh, examine, test, equivalent to exāmin- (stem of exāmen examen) + -āre infinitive ending
Related forms
examinable, adjective
examinatorial
[ig-zam-uh-nuh-tawr-ee-uh l, -tohr-] /ɪgˌzæm ə nəˈtɔr i əl, -ˈtoʊr-/ (Show IPA),
adjective
examiner, noun
examiningly, adverb
preexamine, verb (used with object), preexamined, preexamining.
preexaminer, noun
subexaminer, noun
superexaminer, noun
unexaminable, adjective
unexamined, adjective
unexamining, adjective
well-examined, adjective
Synonyms
1. search, probe, explore, study. 3. quiz.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for examining
  • After examining the patient, the doctors concurred that it was not possible to remove the bullet.
  • By early evening, every bed and examining table was occupied by a wheezing and often panicky worker.
  • He soon was packing his examining rooms with the haut monde.
  • The book, comprising previously published texts reworked to pull them together, is well worth examining as a thing unto itself.
  • After examining the lifeboat, he said it was in great condition.
  • Scientists can estimate the ages of these dinosaurs by examining their bone microstructure for growth rings.
  • But now a variety of academics too are examining it for broader societal clues.
  • That's a good start toward re-examining whether these tests actually can predict a student's success in college.
  • These bodies exist to ensure that a proper and fair procedure is set in motion when examining allegations.
  • examining the ways that emotion, connection, and stories have constructed our current world can build new strategies for change.
British Dictionary definitions for examining

examine

/ɪɡˈzæmɪn/
verb (transitive)
1.
to look at, inspect, or scrutinize carefully or in detail; investigate
2.
(education) to test the knowledge or skill of (a candidate) in (a subject or activity) by written or oral questions or by practical tests
3.
(law) to interrogate (a witness or accused person) formally on oath
4.
(med) to investigate the state of health of (a patient)
Derived Forms
examinable, adjective
examiner, noun
examining, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French examiner, from Latin exāmināre to weigh, from exāmen means of weighing; see examen
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for examining

examine

v.

c.1300, from Old French examiner "interrogate, question, torture," from Latin examinare "to test or try; weigh, consider, ponder," from examen "a means of weighing or testing," probably ultimately from exigere "weigh accurately" (see exact). Related: Examined; examining.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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examining in Medicine

examine ex·am·ine (ĭg-zām'ĭn)
v. ex·am·ined, ex·am·in·ing, ex·am·ines

  1. To study or analyze an organic material.

  2. To test or check the condition or health of.

  3. To determine the qualifications, aptitude, or skills of by means of questions or exercises.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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