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[eks-kuh-vey-shuh n] /ˌɛks kəˈveɪ ʃən/
a hole or cavity made by excavating.
the act of excavating.
an area in which excavating has been done or is in progress, as an archaeological site.
Origin of excavation
1605-15; < Latin excavātiōn- (stem of excavātiō) a hollowing. See excavate, -ion
Related forms
excavational, adjective
nonexcavation, noun
reexcavation, noun
1. See hole. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for excavation
  • So, they hired this local ostrich farmer to build down the staircase so they could conduct routine excavation of the site.
  • We follow a knot of workmen up the hill to rectangular pits shaded by a corrugated steel roof-the main excavation site.
  • The excavation soon struck slabs of shale that had likely been thrown in to fill up what was clearly a burial site.
  • Journalists descended on a sleepy excavation site there and reported that it was a favorite target of looters.
  • The center features a rich, well-established museum of fossils but also has an excavation site on the premises.
  • Basalt from the excavation will be used to make concrete to build the locks.
  • Learn about the special technology used in the excavation along with the process of conserving the mural once it is uncovered.
  • The excavation field camp is visible in this view from above the cave.
  • It is also surprising to see how large an area is being excavated, and how much excavation remains to be done.
  • The plaza was flanked by village houses, where the next stage of excavation is to start.
Word Origin and History for excavation

1610s, "action of excavating," from Latin excavationem (nominative excavatio) "a hollowing out," noun of action from past participle stem of excavare (see excavate).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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excavation in Medicine

excavation ex·ca·va·tion (ěk'skə-vā'shən)

  1. A natural cavity, pouch, or recess.

  2. A cavity formed artificially or as the result of a pathological process.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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