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excess

[n. ik-ses, ek-ses; adj., v. ek-ses, ik-ses] /n. ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛk sɛs; adj., v. ˈɛk sɛs, ɪkˈsɛs/
noun
1.
the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree:
His strength is in excess of yours.
2.
the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another:
The bill showed an excess of several hundred dollars over the estimate.
3.
an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance:
to have an excess of energy.
4.
a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper:
to talk to excess.
5.
immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.
adjective
6.
more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra:
a charge for excess baggage; excess profits.
verb (used with object)
7.
to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), especially as part of a mass layoff.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (noun and adj.) < Latin excessus departure, digression, equivalent to exced-, variant stem of excēdere to exceed + -tus suffix of v. action
Can be confused
access, assess, excess.
Synonyms
3. surplus.
Antonyms
3. lack, deficiency.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for excess
  • Place each finished piece in the flour, turn and lightly coat each piece, gently shaking to remove the excess flour.
  • Not long after, she took her life by taking an excess of sleeping pills.
  • Use a spatula to press excess water out of the chard before transferring it to a bowl.
  • But the wax seeped through the canvas, and the excess had to be removed from the painting's surface, leaving waxy residues.
  • Carefully remove the stencil and dispose of the excess flour.
  • Dampen board surface by brushing with water and blotting off excess with a cloth or paper towel.
  • Tip pan and spoon off any excess liquid with a small spoon.
  • Sprinkle sanding sugar over the still-wet piping, then tilt and tap cookie to remove excess.
  • Make sure to rinse the lip and neck of the bottles, too, to wash off any excess sanitizer.
  • Any excess of carbs or proteins or fats is stored as fat.
British Dictionary definitions for excess

excess

noun (ɪkˈsɛs; ˈɛksɛs)
1.
the state or act of going beyond normal, sufficient, or permitted limits
2.
an immoderate or abnormal amount, number, extent, or degree too much or too many an excess of tolerance
3.
the amount, number, extent, or degree by which one thing exceeds another
4.
(chem) a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reaction add an excess of acid
5.
overindulgence or intemperance
6.
(insurance, mainly Brit) a specified contribution towards the cost of a claim, stipulated on certain insurance policies as being payable by the policyholder
7.
in excess of, of more than; over
8.
to excess, to an inordinate extent; immoderately he drinks to excess
adjective (usually prenominal) (ˈɛksɛs; ɪkˈsɛs)
9.
more than normal, necessary, or permitted; surplus excess weight
10.
payable as a result of previous underpayment excess postage, an excess fare for a railway journey
Word Origin
C14: from Latin excessus, from excēdere to go beyond; see exceed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for excess
excess
late 14c., from L. excessus "departure, going beyond the bounds of reason or beyond the subject," from stem of excedere "to depart, go beyond" (see exceed).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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excess in Medicine

excess ex·cess (ĭk-sěs', ěk'sěs')
n.
An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Idioms and Phrases with excess
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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15
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