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excess

[n. ik-ses, ek-ses; adj., v. ek-ses, ik-ses] /n. ɪkˈsɛs, ˈɛk sɛs; adj., v. ˈɛk sɛs, ɪkˈsɛs/
noun
1.
the fact of exceeding something else in amount or degree:
His strength is in excess of yours.
2.
the amount or degree by which one thing exceeds another:
The bill showed an excess of several hundred dollars over the estimate.
3.
an extreme or excessive amount or degree; superabundance:
to have an excess of energy.
4.
a going beyond what is regarded as customary or proper:
to talk to excess.
5.
immoderate indulgence; intemperance in eating, drinking, etc.
adjective
6.
more than or above what is necessary, usual, or specified; extra:
a charge for excess baggage; excess profits.
verb (used with object)
7.
to dismiss, demote, transfer, or furlough (an employee), especially as part of a mass layoff.
Origin of excess
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English (noun and adj.) < Latin excessus departure, digression, equivalent to exced-, variant stem of excēdere to exceed + -tus suffix of v. action
Can be confused
access, assess, excess.
Synonyms
3. surplus.
Antonyms
3. lack, deficiency.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for excess
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • But it was only the foolish (who carry everything to excess) of whom this was true.

    The Quiver, 1/1900 Anonymous
  • It is the deficiency, and not the excess of this quality, that is to be feared.

  • I had cast off all feeling, subdued all anguish to riot in the excess of my despair.

    Frankenstein Mary Shelley
  • He was reposing in that pathetic condition of optimism induced by excess of fatigue.

    The Secret Agent Joseph Conrad
  • A man I have ever thought wore the motley rather from excess, than infirmity, of wit.

    The Armourer's Prentices Charlotte M. Yonge
British Dictionary definitions for excess

excess

noun (ɪkˈsɛs; ˈɛksɛs)
1.
the state or act of going beyond normal, sufficient, or permitted limits
2.
an immoderate or abnormal amount, number, extent, or degree too much or too many: an excess of tolerance
3.
the amount, number, extent, or degree by which one thing exceeds another
4.
(chem) a quantity of a reagent that is greater than the quantity required to complete a reaction: add an excess of acid
5.
overindulgence or intemperance
6.
(insurance, mainly Brit) a specified contribution towards the cost of a claim, stipulated on certain insurance policies as being payable by the policyholder
7.
in excess of, of more than; over
8.
to excess, to an inordinate extent; immoderately: he drinks to excess
adjective (usually prenominal) (ˈɛksɛs; ɪkˈsɛs)
9.
more than normal, necessary, or permitted; surplus: excess weight
10.
payable as a result of previous underpayment: excess postage, an excess fare for a railway journey
Word Origin
C14: from Latin excessus, from excēdere to go beyond; see exceed
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for excess
n.

late 14c., from Old French exces (14c.) "excess, extravagance, outrage," from Latin excessus "departure, a going beyond the bounds of reason or beyond the subject," from stem of excedere "to depart, go beyond" (see exceed). As an adjective from late 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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excess in Medicine

excess ex·cess (ĭk-sěs', ěk'sěs')
n.
An amount or quantity beyond what is normal or sufficient; a surplus.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Idioms and Phrases with excess
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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15
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