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excited state

noun, Physics.
1.
any of the energy levels of a physical system, especially an atom, molecule, etc., that has higher energy than the lowest energy level.
Origin of excited state
1925-1930
1925-30
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for excited state
Historical Examples
  • They found their uncle pacing up and down the room, evidently in a highly nervous and 16 excited state.

    Two Boys of the Battleship Frank V. Webster
  • He was not well, he was in a highly nervous and excited state.

    Galusha the Magnificent Joseph C. Lincoln
  • They might indeed have done this, but in her excited state Sue could not think it possible.

    Quicksilver Sue Laura Elizabeth Howe Richards
  • Between that place and the Shaturgurdan the natives were in a restless and excited state.

    Our Soldiers W.H.G. Kingston
  • At the same time we know that he did not return to the inn until a late hour, and that, when he did, he was in an excited state.

  • Spain was at this time in an excited state, and split up into parties.

  • In the mean time, the Spanish are in such an excited state that the Government of Spain fears for the safety of our minister.

  • I knew that if I got into the excited state that he was beginning to get into then, it was all up.

    The Hall and the Grange Archibald Marshall
  • In the present excited state of the Aztec population, it would be certain death to venture beyond the frontier of Tlascala.

    By Right of Conquest G. A. Henty
  • It is not a conviction of the Intelligence, nor any excited state of the Sensibility.

Contemporary definitions for excited state
noun

a condition of a physical system, esp. an atom, molecule, etc., in which it has higher energy than the lowest possible energy level; the condition of an atom or molecule after absorbing energy

Examples

Excited states tend to be short-lived as they lose energy through collisions or emissions and relax back to ground state.

Dictionary.com's 21st Century Lexicon
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excited state in Medicine

excited state ex·cit·ed state (ĭk-sī'tĭd)
n.
The condition of an atom or molecule after absorbing energy from exposure to light, electricity, elevated temperature, or a chemical reaction, and which may be a necessary prelude to a chemical reaction or to the emission of light.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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excited state in Science
excited state
  (ĭk-sī'tĭd)   
A state of a physical system in which the system has more than the minimum possible potential energy. Excited states tend to be unstable and easily or spontaneously revert to lower energy states, giving off energy. Compare ground state.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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