verb (used with object), executed, executing.
to carry out; accomplish: to execute a plan or order.
to perform or do: to execute a maneuver; to execute a gymnastic feat.
to inflict capital punishment on; put to death according to law.
to murder; assassinate.
to produce in accordance with a plan or design: a painting executed by an unknown artist.
to perform or play (a piece of music).
to give effect or force to (a law, decree, judicial sentence, etc.).
to carry out the terms of (a will).
to transact or carry through (a contract, mortgage, etc.) in the manner prescribed by law; complete and give validity to (a legal instrument) by fulfilling the legal requirements, as by signing or sealing.
Computers. to run (a program or routine) or to carry out (an instruction in a program).
verb (used without object), executed, executing.
to perform or accomplish something, as an assigned task.
Sports. to perform properly the fundamental moves or mechanics of a sport, game, position, or particular play; show smoothness in necessary skills: We just didn't execute defensively.

1350–1400; Middle English executen < Old French executer < Medieval Latin execūtāre, derivative of Latin execūtus, past participle of ex(s)equī to follow up, carry out (punishment), execute; see ex-1, sequence

executable, adjective
executer, noun
nonexecutable, adjective
outexecute, verb (used with object), outexecuted, outexecuting.
preexecute, verb (used with object), preexecuted, preexecuting.
reexecute, verb (used with object), reexecuted, reexecuting.
unexecutable, adjective
unexecuted, adjective
unexecuting, adjective
well-executed, adjective

1. achieve, complete, finish, consummate. 7a. enforce, administer.

2. See perform. 3. See kill1.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
executable (ˈɛksɪˌkjuːtəbəl)
1.  (of a computer program) able to be run
2.  a file containing a program that will run as soon as it is opened

execute (ˈɛksɪˌkjuːt)
1.  to put (a condemned person) to death; inflict capital punishment upon
2.  to carry out; complete; perform; do: to execute an order
3.  to perform; accomplish; effect: to execute a pirouette
4.  to make or produce: to execute a drawing
5.  to carry into effect (a judicial sentence, the law, etc); enforce
6.  law to comply with legal formalities in order to render (a deed, etc) effective, as by signing, sealing, and delivering
7.  to sign (a will) in the presence of witnesses and in accordance with other legal formalities
8.  to carry out the terms of (a contract, will, etc)
[C14: from Old French executer, back formation from executeurexecutor]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "to carry into effect," from Fr. executer, from M.L. executare, from L. execut-/exsecut-, pp. stem of exequi/exsequi "to follow out" (see execution). Meaning "to inflict capital punishment" is from late 15c. Related: Executed; executing.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Computing Dictionary

executable definition

operating system
A binary file containing a program in machine language which is ready to be executed (run).
The term might also be, but generally isn't, applied to scripts which are interpreted by a command line interpreter. Executables are distinguished in Unix by having the execute permission bits set, at least for the owner. MS-DOS uses the filename extension ".exe".
The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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Example sentences
The buffer used to return the executable file's name must be large enough to
  hold the returned value.
Theoretically, a virus could attach itself to any executable program.
C++ goes a long way in relating higher level human abstractions and the
  production of executable code.
The second is a cache for a web app's executable code.
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