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exorcise

[ek-sawr-sahyz, -ser-] /ˈɛk sɔrˌsaɪz, -sər-/
verb (used with object), exorcised, exorcising.
1.
to seek to expel (an evil spirit) by adjuration or religious or solemn ceremonies:
to exorcise a demon.
2.
to free (a person, place, etc.) of evil spirits or malignant influences.
Also, exorcize.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Late Latin exorcizāre < Greek exorkízein, equivalent to ex- ex-3 + (h)orkízein to cause (someone) to swear an oath
Related forms
exorcisement, noun
exorciser, noun
unexorcised, adjective
Can be confused
exercise, exorcise (see synonym study at exercise)
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for exorcize
  • The work is to exorcize the monster if there is one.
  • From its beginnings, moral philosophy has been a struggle to exorcize conflict from ethical life.
  • Children accused of practicing witchcraft were placed in the care of pastors, who sometimes used violence to exorcize them.
British Dictionary definitions for exorcize

exorcize

/ˈɛksɔːˌsaɪz/
verb
1.
(transitive) to expel or attempt to expel (one or more evil spirits) from (a person or place believed to be possessed or haunted), by prayers, adjurations, and religious rites
Derived Forms
exorcizer, exorciser, noun
exorcism, noun
exorcist, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Late Latin exorcizāre, from Greek exorkizein, from ex-1 + horkizein to adjure
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for exorcize

exorcise

v.

c.1400, "to invoke spirits," from Old French exorciser (14c.), from Late Latin exorcizare, from Greek exorkizein "banish an evil spirit; bind by oath" (see exorcism).

Sense of "calling up evil spirits to drive them out" became dominant 16c. A rare case where -ise trumps -ize on both sides of the Atlantic, perhaps by influence of exercise. Related: Exorcised; exorcising.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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