[v. eks-pey-tree-eyt or, esp. British, -pa-tree-; adj., n. eks-pey-tree-it, -eyt or, esp. British, -pa-tree-]
verb (used with object), expatriated, expatriating.
to banish (a person) from his or her native country.
to withdraw (oneself) from residence in one's native country.
to withdraw (oneself) from allegiance to one's country.
verb (used without object), expatriated, expatriating.
to become an expatriate: He expatriated from his homeland.
expatriated; exiled.
an expatriated person: Many American writers were living as expatriates in Paris.

1760–70; < Medieval Latin expatriātus (past participle of expatriāre to banish), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + patri(a) native land + -ātus -ate1

expatriation, noun
self-expatriation, noun
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
1.  resident in a foreign country
2.  exiled or banished from one's native country: an expatriate American
3.  a person who lives in a foreign country
4.  an exile; expatriate person
5.  to exile (oneself) from one's native country or cause (another) to go into exile
6.  to deprive (oneself or another) of citizenship
[C18: from Medieval Latin expatriāre, from Latin ex-1 + patria native land]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

1768, from Fr. expatrier "banish," from ex- "out of" + patrie "native land," from L. patria "one's native country," from pater (gen. patris) "father." Related: Expatriated; expatriating; expatriation. The noun is from 1818, "one who has been banished;" main modern sense of "one who chooses to live abroad"
is 1902.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
expatriation [(eks-pay-tree-ay-shuhn)]

Voluntary departure from the nation of one's birth for permanent or prolonged residence in another nation.

expatriation [(eks-pay-tree-ay-shuhn)]

Voluntarily leaving the nation of one's birth for permanent or prolonged residence in another country.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
But expatriation was a luxury he could not afford, both literally and philosophically.
He scorned the dissipation, alienation, expatriation of his fellow-writers of the twenties.
The concept that expatriation is a natural and inherent right of the individual was not recognized under the common law.
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