9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[ik-spend] /ɪkˈspɛnd/
verb (used with object)
to use up:
She expended energy, time, and care on her work.
to pay out; disburse; spend.
Origin of expend
late Middle English
1400-50; late Middle English < Latin expendere to weigh out, lay out, pay
Related forms
expender, noun
overexpend, verb
preexpend, verb (used with object)
unexpended, adjective
well-expended, adjective
Can be confused
expand, expend (see synonym study at expand)
1. consume, empty. See spend. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for expend
  • And then, apparently, they will have liberated more capital to expend on more reckless loans to ailing companies.
  • The researchers found that heavier birds did not expend as much energy as expected to carry the extra weight.
  • There is a simple rule of thumb that can be applied toward multiple solutions: don't expend energy in order to dissipate energy.
  • Levine, an endocrinologist, has spent his career studying how humans expend energy.
  • Overweight occurs when people consume more calories than they expend.
  • They do not see it as their moral obligation and expend considerable resources to obfuscate the issues.
  • But they also expend a lot of time and effort keeping their alumni engaged.
  • In the process, the herd would expend precious energy and fat reserves needed for the long migration.
  • Cities in moderate climes fared better than those whose residents must expend more energy to cool and heat their homes.
  • Most leaders expend a lot of energy trying to stay in power.
British Dictionary definitions for expend


verb (transitive)
to spend; disburse
to consume or use up
Derived Forms
expender, noun
Word Origin
C15: from Latin expendere, from pendere to weigh
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for expend

early 15c., from Latin expendere "pay out, weigh out money," from ex- "out" (see ex-) + pendere "to pay, weigh" (see pendant). Related: Expended; expending.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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