expropriate

[eks-proh-pree-eyt]
verb (used with object), expropriated, expropriating.
1.
to take possession of, especially for public use by the right of eminent domain, thus divesting the title of the private owner: The government expropriated the land for a recreation area.
2.
to dispossess (a person) of ownership: The revolutionary government expropriated the landowners from their estates.
3.
to take (something) from another's possession for one's own use: He expropriated my ideas for his own article.

Origin:
1605–15; < Medieval Latin expropriātus separated from one's own (past participle of expropriāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + propri(āre) to appropriate (derivative of proprius proper) + -ātus -ate1

expropriable [eks-proh-pree-uh-buhl] , adjective
expropriation, noun
expropriationist, adjective, noun
expropriator, noun
de-expropriation, noun
unexpropriable, adjective
unexpropriated, adjective

appropriate, apropos, expropriate.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
expropriate (ɛksˈprəʊprɪˌeɪt)
 
vb
See also eminent domain to deprive (an owner) of (property), esp by taking it for public use
 
[C17: from Medieval Latin expropriāre to deprive of possessions, from proprius own]
 
ex'propriable
 
adj
 
expropri'ation
 
n
 
ex'propriator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

expropriation
c.1443, "renunciation of worldly goods," from M.L. expropriationem, from expropriare "deprive of property," from ex- "away from" + propriare "to appropriate." Sense of "deprive someone of property" (1848) "appears to have arisen among Ger. socialists" [Weekley].

expropriate
1610s, back formation from expropriation. Related: Expropriated; expropriating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary

expropriation definition


The taking over of private property by a government, often without fair compensation but usually with a legal assertion that the government has a right to do so.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
Private construction of housing here has virtually ground to a halt because of
  fears of government expropriation.
One would thus expect more expropriation rather than less.
It has increased the tax on unfarmed land, and speeded up expropriation
  procedures.
The fictional tale of land expropriation and eviction seemed to cut too close
  to the bone.
Synonyms
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