extirpate

extirpate

[ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt]
verb (used with object), extirpated, extirpating.
1.
to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
2.
to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up: to extirpate an unwanted hair.

Origin:
1530–40; < Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus -ate1

extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
unextirpated, adjective
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World English Dictionary
extirpate (ˈɛkstəˌpeɪt)
 
vb
1.  to remove or destroy completely
2.  to pull up or out; uproot
3.  to remove (an organ or part) surgically
 
[C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock]
 
extir'pation
 
n
 
'extirpative
 
adj
 
'extirpator
 
n

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

extirpate
1530s, usually figurative, from L. extirpat-/exstirpat-, pp. stem of extirpare/exstirpare (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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