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extirpate

[ek-ster-peyt, ik-stur-peyt] /ˈɛk stərˌpeɪt, ɪkˈstɜr peɪt/
verb (used with object), extirpated, extirpating.
1.
to remove or destroy totally; do away with; exterminate.
2.
to pull up by or as if by the roots; root up:
to extirpate an unwanted hair.
Origin
1530-1540
1530-40; < Latin ex(s)tirpātus plucked up by the stem (past participle of ex(s)tirpāre), equivalent to ex- ex-1 + stirp- (stem of stirps) stem + -ātus -ate1
Related forms
extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
unextirpated, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for extirpate

extirpate

/ˈɛkstəˌpeɪt/
verb (transitive)
1.
to remove or destroy completely
2.
to pull up or out; uproot
3.
to remove (an organ or part) surgically
Derived Forms
extirpation, noun
extirpative, adjective
extirpator, noun
Word Origin
C16: from Latin exstirpāre to root out, from stirps root, stock
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for extirpate
v.

1530s, usually figurative, from Latin extirpatus/exstirpatus, past participle of extirpare/exstirpare (see extirpation). Related: Extirpated; extirpating.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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