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extra

[ek-struh] /ˈɛk strə/
adjective
1.
beyond or more than what is usual, expected, or necessary; additional:
an extra copy of a newspaper; an extra charge.
2.
larger or better than what is usual:
an extra binding.
noun
3.
something extra or additional:
the little amenities and extras that make life pleasant.
4.
an additional expense.
5.
a special edition of a newspaper, other than a regular edition.
6.
something of superior quality.
7.
Movies, Television. a person hired by the day to play a minor part, as a member of a mob or crowd.
8.
an additional worker.
9.
Usually, extras. Cricket. a score or run not made from the bat, as a bye or a wide.
adverb
10.
in excess of the usual or specified amount:
an extra high price.
11.
beyond the ordinary degree; unusually; uncommonly:
done extra well; extra large.
Origin of extra
1770-1780
1770-80; by shortening of extraordinary

extra-

1.
a prefix meaning “outside,” “beyond,” freely used as an English formative:
extrajudicial; extraterritorial; extra-atmospheric.
Also, extro-.
Origin
< Latin, combining form of extrā (adv. and preposition) outside (of), without

ab extra

[ahb ek-strah; English ab ek-struh] /ɑb ˈɛk strɑ; English æb ˈɛk strə/
adverb, Latin.
1.
from the outside.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for extra
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • I'll give you an extra hundred, Matt, if you'll bring the car through.

    Motor Matt's Mystery Stanley R. Matthews
  • The men worked as usual, nor was there any extra liquor drunk.

    Ned Myers James Fenimore Cooper
  • Jake would drive the extra team over, and the other two men would plow corn at home.

    The Wind Before the Dawn Dell H. Munger
  • Grant repressed an impulse to shout, and used the breath for an extra burst of speed.

    Good Indian B. M. Bower
  • Farrer had retaken his seat and the others were moving over to make room for an extra chair.

    Mortmain Arthur Cheny Train
British Dictionary definitions for extra

extra

/ˈɛkstrə/
adjective
1.
being more than what is usual or expected; additional
noun
2.
a person or thing that is additional
3.
something for which an additional charge is made: the new car had many extras
4.
an additional edition of a newspaper, esp to report a new development or crisis
5.
(films) an actor or person temporarily engaged, usually for crowd scenes
6.
(cricket) a run not scored from the bat, such as a wide, no-ball, bye, or leg bye
7.
(US) something that is better than usual in quality
adverb
8.
unusually; exceptionally: an extra fast car
Word Origin
C18: perhaps shortened from extraordinary

extra-

prefix
1.
outside or beyond an area or scope: extrasensory, extraterritorial
Word Origin
from Latin extrā outside, beyond, changed from extera, from exterus outward
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for extra

1650s as a stand-alone adjective; also used as an adverb and noun in 17c. (see extra-); modern usages -- including sense of "minor performer in a play" (1777) and "special edition of a newspaper" (1793) -- all probably are from shortenings of extraordinary, which was used extensively in 18c. as noun and adverb in places we would use extra today.

extra-

only recorded in classical Latin in extraordinarius, but much used in Medieval Latin and modern formations; it represents Latin extra (adv.) "on the outside, without, except," the old fem. ablative singular of exterus "outward, outside," comparative of ex "out of" (see ex-).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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extra in Medicine

extra- or extro-
pref.
Outside; beyond: extracellular.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Slang definitions & phrases for extra

extra

noun

  1. A special edition of a newspaper or a special broadcast of news made immediately on learning of an important event; news-break (1793+)
  2. A person appearing in a crowd scene or otherwise in a minor capacity in a play or movie: I was an extra in the Budapest showcase of ''Godot'' (1880+ Theater)
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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extra in Technology


Object-oriented, Pascal style, handles sets. "A Data Model and Query Language for EXODUS", M.J. Carey et al, SIGMOD 88 Conf Proc, pp.413- 423, ACM SIGMOD Record 17:3 (Sept 1988).

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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12
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