an act or instance of extracting: the extraction of a molar.
the state or fact of being extracted.
descent or lineage: to be of foreign extraction.
something extracted; extract.

1375–1425; late Middle English extraccioun < Late Latin extractiōn- (stem of extractiō). See extract, -ion

nonextraction, noun
overextraction, noun
preextraction, noun
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
extraction (ɪkˈstrækʃən)
1.  the act of extracting or the condition of being extracted
2.  something extracted; an extract
3.  a.  the act or an instance of extracting a tooth or teeth
 b.  a tooth or teeth extracted
4.  origin, descent, lineage, or ancestry: of German extraction

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 15c., Fr. extraction, from M.L. extractionem, noun of action from L. extrahere (see extract (v.)).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

extraction ex·trac·tion (ĭk-strāk'shən)

  1. The act of extracting or the condition of being extracted.

  2. Something obtained by extracting; an extract.

  3. The removal by withdrawing or pulling out of a tooth from its socket.

  4. Removal of a baby from the genital canal in assisted delivery.

  5. The active portion of a drug.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Employment seems to be split between agriculture and energy extraction.
Extraction is toxic, environmentally destructive and energy-intensive.
The old empires were direct exercises in territorial domination, cultural
  subjugation, and the extraction of wealth.
The value of a resource depends on human needs and the technology available for
  its extraction and use.
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