the procedure by which a state or nation, upon receipt of a formal request by another state or nation, turns over to that second jurisdiction an individual charged with or convicted of a crime in that jurisdiction.

1830–40; < French; see ex-1, tradition

nonextradition, noun
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World English Dictionary
extradition (ˌɛkstrəˈdɪʃən)
the surrender of an alleged offender or fugitive to the state in whose territory the alleged offence was committed
[C19: from French, from Latin trāditiō a handing over; see tradition]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

1839, from Fr. extradition apparently a coinage of Voltaire's, from L. ex- "out" + traditio (gen. traditionis) "a delivering up, handing over," from tradere "to hand over."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Cultural Dictionary
extradition [(ek-struh-dish-uhn)]

The legal process by which one government may obtain custody of individuals from another government in order to put them on trial or imprison them.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Example sentences
So far, even the extradition has proved surprisingly tricky.
It also rejected the argument that extradition was disproportionate to the
  potential crime involved.
The charity denies the accusations and is fighting the pending extradition of
  one of its founders.
Extradition is mainly a political matter though it has elements of law.
Related Words
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