noun, plural extremities.
the extreme or terminal point, limit, or part of something.
a limb of the body.
Usually, extremities. the end part of a limb, as a hand or foot: to experience cold in one's extremities.
Often, extremities. a condition or circumstance of extreme need, distress, etc.: to suffer the extremities of being poor.
the utmost or any extreme degree: the extremity of joy.
an extreme or extraordinary measure, act, etc.: to go to any extremity to feed the children.
extreme nature or character: the extremity of his views on foreign trade.
Archaic. a person's last moment before death.

1325–75; Middle English < Latin extrēmitās. See extreme, -ity

superextremity, noun, plural superextremities.

1. end, termination; verge; border, boundary.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
extremity (ɪkˈstrɛmɪtɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  the farthest or outermost point or section; termination
2.  the greatest or most intense degree
3.  an extreme condition or state, as of adversity or disease
4.  a limb, such as a leg, arm, or wing, or the part of such a limb farthest from the trunk
5.  archaic (usually plural) a drastic or severe measure

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., from O.Fr. extremite, from L. extremitatem, from extremus; see extreme, the etymological sense of which is better preserved in this word.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

extremity ex·trem·i·ty (ĭk-strěm'ĭ-tē)

  1. An end of an elongated or pointed structure.

  2. A bodily limb or appendage.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
Lower extremity venography is a test used to see the veins in the leg.
To many of his colleagues, he seemed to take delight in testing the limits of
  the law to their extremity.
Shown here is erythema following the vascular pattern on a lower extremity.
So would many other countries, in their own extremity.
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