Why was clemency trending last week?


[ik-strin-sik, -zik] /ɪkˈstrɪn sɪk, -zɪk/
not essential or inherent; not a basic part or quality; extraneous:
facts that are extrinsic to the matter under discussion.
being outside a thing; outward or external; operating or coming from without:
extrinsic influences.
Anatomy. (of certain muscles, nerves, etc.) originating outside the anatomical limits of a part.
Also, extrinsical.
Origin of extrinsic
1535-45; < Late Latin extrinsecus outward, adj. use of Latin extrinsecus (adv.) on the outward side, equivalent to extrim- (ext(e)r outer (see exterior) + -im adv. suffix) + secus beside (derivative of sequī to follow)
Related forms
extrinsically, adverb
nonextrinsic, adjective
nonextrinsical, adjective
nonextrinsically, adverb
unextrinsic, adjective
Can be confused Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for extrinsic
  • It is a matter of intrinsic vs extrinsic motivation, an internal vs external locus of control.
  • The extrinsic ligaments are two in number, anterior and posterior.
  • Tolerantly, there is a big literature on the difference between intrinsic and extrinsic motivations.
  • People with a strong set of extrinsic values fixate on how others see them.
  • Some persons are motivated only by extrinsic incentives, and do not pursue scholarly inquiry because of its intrinsic worth.
  • This is an intrinsic motivation issue that can't be addressed by extrinsic motivators.
  • It seems a productive way to examine the interaction between innate and extrinsic factors leading to human behaviors.
  • It is probably a multi-factorial process of intrinsic aging and extrinsic aging.
  • Praise increases extrinsic motivation while encouraging effort and creativity increases intrinsic motivation.
  • But an enthusiasm for intrinsic rewards can go hand in hand with a taste for extrinsic gain.
British Dictionary definitions for extrinsic


not contained or included within; extraneous
originating or acting from outside; external
Derived Forms
extrinsically, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Late Latin extrinsecus (adj) outward, from Latin (adv) from without, on the outward side, from exter outward + secus alongside, related to sequī to follow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for extrinsic

1540s, from French extrinsèque, from Late Latin extrinsecus (adj.), from Latin extrinsecus (adv.) "outwardly," from exter "outside" + in, suffix of locality, + secus "beside, alongside," originally "following" (related to sequi "to follow;" see sequel).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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extrinsic in Medicine

extrinsic ex·trin·sic (ĭk-strĭn'sĭk, -zĭk)
Of or relating to an organ or a structure, especially a muscle, originating outside of the part where it is found or upon which it acts; adventitious.

ex·trin'si·cal·ly adv.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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