noun, plural faculties.
an ability, natural or acquired, for a particular kind of action: a faculty for making friends easily.
one of the powers of the mind, as memory, reason, or speech: Though very sick, he is in full possession of all his faculties.
an inherent capability of the body: the faculties of sight and hearing.
exceptional ability or aptitude: a president with a faculty for management.
the entire teaching and administrative force of a university, college, or school.
one of the departments of learning, as theology, medicine, or law, in a university.
the teaching body, sometimes with the students, in any of these departments.
the members of a learned profession: the medical faculty.
a power or privilege conferred by the state, a superior, etc.: The police were given the faculty to search the building.
Ecclesiastical. a dispensation, license, or authorization.

1350–1400; Middle English faculte < Anglo-French, Middle French < Latin facultāt- (stem of facultās) ability, power, equivalent to facil(is) easy (see facile) + -tāt- -ty2; cf. facility

interfaculty, noun, plural interfaculties, adjective
profaculty, adjective
underfaculty, noun, plural underfaculties.

1. capacity, aptitude, knack, potential, skill. See ability.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
faculty (ˈfækəltɪ)
n , pl -ties
1.  one of the inherent powers of the mind or body, such as reason, memory, sight, or hearing
2.  any ability or power, whether acquired or inherent
3.  a conferred power or right
4.  a.  a department within a university or college devoted to a particular branch of knowledge
 b.  the staff of such a department
 c.  chiefly (US), (Canadian) all the teaching staff at a university, college, school, etc
5.  all members of a learned profession
6.  archaic occupation
[C14 (in the sense: department of learning): from Latin facultās capability; related to Latin facilis easy]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Word Origin & History

late 14c., "ability, means, resources," from O.Fr. faculté, from L. facultatem (nom. facultas) "power, ability, wealth," from *facli-tat-s, from facilis (see facile). Academic sense was probably the earliest in English (attested in Anglo-L. from late 12c.), on notion
of "ability in knowledge." Originally each department was a faculty; the use in reference to the whole teaching staff of a college dates from 1767.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Medical Dictionary

faculty fac·ul·ty (fāk'əl-tē)
A natural or specialized power of a living organism.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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Example sentences
But the college has a relatively enormous faculty of tutors one to about eight
Academic journals often solicit book reviews from faculty.
Besides, it's my good fortune to find any humor in a faculty meeting.
In the long run, it seems they will lose their better faculty and thus have an
  impact on these service courses.
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