the state, condition, or quality of being fair, or free from bias or injustice; evenhandedness: I have to admit, in all fairness, that she would only be paid for part of the work.
the quality of being light of hair or complexion: She was proud of the fairness of her skin, and never went out without a parasol and gloves.

fair1 + -ness

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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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fair1 (fɛə)
1.  free from discrimination, dishonesty, etc; just; impartial
2.  in conformity with rules or standards; legitimate: a fair fight
3.  (of the hair or complexion) light in colour
4.  beautiful or lovely to look at
5.  moderately or quite good: a fair piece of work
6.  unblemished; untainted
7.  (of the tide or wind) favourable to the passage of a vessel
8.  sunny, fine, or cloudless
9.  informal (prenominal) thorough; real: a fair battle to get to the counter
10.  pleasant or courteous
11.  apparently good or valuable, but really false: fair words
12.  open or unobstructed: a fair passage
13.  (Austral) (of handwriting) clear and legible
14.  informal a fair crack of the whip, a fair shake of the dice, a fair go a fair opportunity; fair chance
15.  fair and square in a correct or just way
16.  fair do's
 a.  equal shares or treatment
 b.  an expression of appeal for equal shares or treatment
17.  fair enough! an expression of agreement
18.  informal (Austral), (NZ) fair go! come off it!; I don't believe it!
19.  fair to middling about average
20.  in a fair way; correctly: act fair, now!
21.  absolutely or squarely; quite: the question caught him fair off his guard
22.  dialect really or very: fair tired
23.  dialect (intr) (of the weather) to become fine and mild
24.  archaic a person or thing that is beautiful or valuable, esp a woman
[Old English fæger; related to Old Norse fagr, Old Saxon, Old High German fagar, Gothic fagrs suitable]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

O.E. fægernyss beauty; see fair + -ness. Meaning evenhandedness is from mid-15c.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Fairness also shows up as an animal spirit, influencing thousands of decisions
  in ways that part company with standard theory.
Fairness is generally not thought of as a single notion.
Even if economists know that fairness matters, too little of their work
  reflects it.
Our reputation for fairness and objectivity depends on strict adherence to this
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