fall off

fall

[fawl]
verb (used without object), fell, fallen, falling.
1.
to drop or descend under the force of gravity, as to a lower place through loss or lack of support.
2.
to come or drop down suddenly to a lower position, especially to leave a standing or erect position suddenly, whether voluntarily or not: to fall on one's knees.
3.
to become less or lower; become of a lower level, degree, amount, quality, value, number, etc.; decline: The temperature fell ten degrees. Stock prices fell to a new low for the year.
4.
to subside or abate.
5.
extend downward; hang down: Her hair falls to her shoulders.
6.
to become lowered or directed downward, as the eyes: My eyes fell before his steady gaze.
7.
to become lower in pitch or volume: Her voice fell, and she looked about in confusion.
8.
to succumb to temptation or sin, especially to become unchaste or to lose one's innocence.
9.
to lose status, dignity, position, character, etc.
10.
to succumb to attack: The city fell to the enemy.
11.
to be overthrown, as a government.
12.
to drop down wounded or dead, especially to be slain: to fall in battle.
13.
to pass into some physical, mental, or emotional condition: to fall asleep; to fall in love.
14.
to envelop or come as if by dropping, as stillness or night.
15.
to issue forth: Witty remarks fall easily from his lips.
16.
to come by lot or chance: The chore fell to him.
17.
to come by chance into a particular position: to fall among thieves.
18.
to come to pass, occur, or become at a certain time: Christmas falls on a Monday this year. The rent falls due the first of every month.
19.
to have its proper place: The accent falls on the last syllable.
20.
to come by right: The inheritance fell to the only living relative.
21.
to be naturally divisible (usually followed by into ): The story fell into two distinct parts.
22.
to lose animation; appear disappointed, as the face: His face fell when he heard the bad news.
23.
to slope or extend in a downward direction: The field falls gently to the river.
24.
to be directed, as light, sight, etc., on something: His eyes fell upon the note on the desk.
25.
to collapse, as through weakness, damage, poor construction, or the like; topple or sink: The old tower fell under its own weight. The cake fell when he slammed the oven door.
26.
(of an animal, especially a lamb) to be born: Two lambs fell yesterday.
verb (used with object), fell, fallen, falling.
27.
to fell (a tree, animal, etc.).
noun
28.
an act or instance of falling or dropping from a higher to a lower place or position.
29.
that which falls or drops: a heavy fall of rain.
30.
the season of the year that comes after summer and before winter; autumn.
31.
a becoming less; a lowering or decline; a sinking to a lower level: the fall of the Roman Empire.
32.
the distance through which anything falls: It is a long fall to the ground from this height.
33.
Usually, falls. a cataract or waterfall.
34.
downward slope or declivity: the gentle rise and fall of the meadow.
35.
a falling from an erect position, as to the ground: to have a bad fall.
36.
a hanging down: a fall of long hair.
37.
a succumbing to temptation; lapse into sin.
38.
the Fall, (sometimes lowercase) Theology. the lapse of human beings into a state of natural or innate sinfulness through the sin of Adam and Eve.
39.
Slang. an arrest by the police.
40.
surrender or capture, as of a city.
41.
proper place: the fall of an accent on a syllable.
42.
Wrestling.
a.
an act or instance of holding or forcing an opponent's shoulders against the mat for a specified length of time.
b.
a match or division of a match.
43.
a hairpiece consisting of long hair that is attached to one's own hair at the crown and usually allowed to hang freely down the back of the head so as to cover or blend with the natural hair.
44.
an opaque veil hanging loose from the back of a hat.
46.
a decorative cascade of lace, ruffles, or the like.
47.
Machinery, Nautical. the part of the rope of a tackle to which the power is applied in hoisting.
48.
Hunting. a deadfall.
49.
the long soft hair that hangs over the forehead and eyes of certain terriers.
50.
Armor. a pivoted peak projecting over the face opening of a burgonet.
51.
Astrology. the sign of the zodiac in which the most negative influence of a planet is expressed (as opposed to exaltation ).
52.
Mining. rock or ore that has collapsed from a roof, hanging wall, or the sides of a passage.
Verb phrases
53.
fall away,
a.
to withdraw support or allegiance: The candidate's supporters fell away when he advocated racial discrimination.
b.
to become lean or thin; diminish; decline.
c.
to forsake one's faith, cause, or principles: Many fell away because they were afraid of reprisals.
54.
fall back, to give way; recede; retreat: The relentless shelling forced the enemy to fall back.
55.
fall back on/upon,
a.
Also, fall back to. to retreat to: They fell back on their entrenchments. The troops fell back to their original position.
b.
to have recourse to; rely on: They had no savings to fall back on.
56.
fall behind,
a.
to lag, in pace or progress: We are falling behind in our work. Fatigued, some of the marchers fell behind.
b.
to fail to pay (a debt, obligation, etc.) at the appointed time: She fell behind in her tax payments, and the property was confiscated.
57.
fall down, Informal. to perform disappointingly; to disappoint; fail: He was doing well on the exam until he fell down on the last essay question.
58.
fall for, Slang.
a.
to be deceived by: Imagine falling for such an old trick.
b.
to fall in love with: He's not at all the type you would expect her to fall for.
59.
fall in,
a.
to fall to pieces toward the interior; sink inward.
b.
to take one's place in the ranks, as a soldier.
c.
Also, fall in with. to become acquainted with, especially by chance: We fell in with an interesting couple from Paris.
60.
fall off,
a.
to separate from; withdraw.
b.
to decrease in number, amount, or intensity; diminish: Tourism falls off when the summer is over.
c.
Nautical. to deviate from the heading; fall to leeward.
d.
South Midland and Southern U.S. to lose weight, usually due to illness: She was sick all winter and fell off till she was just skin and bones.
61.
fall on/upon,
a.
to assault; attack: The enemy fell on them suddenly from the rear.
b.
to be the obligation of: It has fallen on me to support the family.
c.
to experience; encounter: Once well-to-do, they had fallen on hard times.
d.
to chance upon; come upon: I fell upon the idea while looking through a magazine.
62.
fall out,
a.
to quarrel; disagree: We fell out over who was to wash the dishes.
b.
to happen; occur: It fell out that we met by chance weeks later.
c.
to leave one's place in the ranks, as a soldier: They were ordered to fall out when the parade ended.
d.
Slang. to burst out laughing.
e.
South Midland and Southern U.S. to become unconscious; pass out.
63.
fall through, to come to nothing; fail of realization: Despite all his efforts, the deal fell through.
64.
fall to,
a.
to apply oneself; begin: to fall to work.
b.
to begin to eat: They fell to and soon finished off the entire turkey.
65.
fall under,
a.
to be the concern or responsibility of.
b.
to be classified as; be included within: That case falls under the heading of errors of judgment.
Idioms
66.
fall all over oneself, to show unusual or excessive enthusiasm or eagerness, especially in the hope of being favored or rewarded: The young trainees fell all over themselves to praise the boss's speech. Also, fall over oneself.
67.
fall/come short. short ( def 47 ).
68.
fall foul/afoul of. foul ( def 38 ).
69.
fall off the roof, Slang: Older Use. to menstruate.
70.
fall on one's feet. land ( def 25 ).
71.
fall out of bed, to get out of bed quickly.
72.
fall over backward(s)
a.
bend ( def 15 ).
b.
to exhibit great eagerness, especially in pursuit of one's own advantage: The candidate fell over backward in support of the issues that would win votes.

Origin:
before 900; Middle English fallen, Old English feallan; cognate with German fallen, Old Norse falla; akin to Lithuanian pùlti to fall

unfalling, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fall (fɔːl)
 
vb (foll by back, behind, etc) (often foll by into, under, etc) , falls, falling, fell, fallen
1.  to descend by the force of gravity from a higher to a lower place
2.  to drop suddenly from an erect position
3.  to collapse to the ground, esp in pieces
4.  to become less or lower in number, quality, etc: prices fell in the summer
5.  to become lower in pitch
6.  to extend downwards: her hair fell to her waist
7.  to be badly wounded or killed
8.  to slope in a downward direction
9.  Christianity to yield to temptation or sin
10.  to diminish in status, estimation, etc
11.  to yield to attack: the city fell under the assault
12.  to lose power: the government fell after the riots
13.  to pass into or take on a specified condition: to fall asleep; fall in love
14.  to adopt a despondent expression: her face fell
15.  to be averted: her gaze fell
16.  to come by chance or presumption: suspicion fell on the butler
17.  to occur; take place: night fell; Easter falls early this year
18.  (of payments) to be due
19.  to be directed to a specific point
20.  to move in a specified direction
21.  to occur at a specified place: the accent falls on the last syllable
22.  (foll by to) to return (to); be inherited (by): the estate falls to the eldest son
23.  to be classified or included: the subject falls into two main areas
24.  to issue forth: a curse fell from her lips
25.  (of animals, esp lambs) to be born
26.  dialect (Brit) to become pregnant
27.  dialect (Austral), (NZ) (tr) to fell (trees)
28.  cricket (of a batsman's wicket) to be taken by the bowling side: the sixth wicket fell for 96
29.  archaic to begin to do: fall a-doing; fall to doing
30.  fall flat to fail to achieve a desired effect
31.  fall foul of
 a.  to come into conflict with
 b.  nautical to come into collision with
32.  fall short
 a.  to prove inadequate
 b.  (often foll by of) to fail to reach or measure up to (a standard)
 
n
33.  an act or instance of falling
34.  something that falls: a fall of snow
35.  chiefly (US) autumn
36.  the distance that something falls: a hundred-foot fall
37.  a sudden drop from an upright position
38.  (often plural)
 a.  a waterfall or cataract
 b.  (capital when part of a name): Niagara Falls
39.  a downward slope or decline
40.  a decrease in value, number, etc
41.  a decline in status or importance
42.  a moral lapse or failing
43.  a capture or overthrow: the fall of the city
44.  a long false hairpiece; switch
45.  a piece of loosely hanging material, such as a veil on a hat
46.  machinery, nautical the end of a tackle to which power is applied to hoist it
47.  nautical one of the lines of a davit for holding, lowering, or raising a boat
48.  wrestling Also called: pinfall a scoring move, pinning both shoulders of one's opponent to the floor for a specified period
49.  hunting
 a.  another word for deadfall
 b.  (as modifier): a fall trap
50.  a.  the birth of an animal
 b.  the animals produced at a single birth
51.  slang chiefly (US) take the fall to be blamed, punished, or imprisoned
 
[Old English feallan; related to Old Norse falla, Old Saxon, Old High German fallan to fall; see fell²]

Fall (fɔːl)
 
n
theol the Fall See also original sin Adam's sin of disobedience and the state of innate sinfulness ensuing from this for himself and all mankind

fall off
 
vb
1.  to drop unintentionally to the ground from (a high object, bicycle, etc), esp after losing one's balance
2.  (adverb) to diminish in size, intensity, etc; decline or weaken: business fell off after Christmas
3.  (adverb) nautical to allow or cause a vessel to sail downwind of her former heading
 
n
4.  a decline or drop

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fall
O.E. feallan (class VII strong verb; past tense feoll, pp. feallen), from P.Gmc. *fallanan (cf. O.N. falla, O.H.G. fallan), from PIE base *phol- "to fall" (cf. Armenian p'ul "downfall," Lith. puola "to fall," O.Prus. aupallai "finds," lit. "falls upon"). Noun sense of "autumn" (now only in U.S.) is 1660s,
short for fall of the leaf (1540s). That of "cascade, waterfall" is from 1570s. Most of the figurative senses had developed in M.E. Meaning "to be reduced" (as temperature) is from 1650s. To fall in love is attested from 1520s; to fall asleep is late 14c. Fall guy is from 1906.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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American Heritage
Idioms & Phrases

fall off

see fall away.

The American Heritage® Dictionary of Idioms by Christine Ammer.
Copyright © 1997. Published by Houghton Mifflin.
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