a false statement; lie. fabrication, prevarication, falsification, canard, invention, fiction, story.
something false; an untrue idea, belief, etc.: The Nazis propagated the falsehood of racial superiority.
the act of lying or making false statements.
lack of conformity to truth or fact. untruthfulness, inveracity, mendacity.
Obsolete, deception.

1250–1300; Middle English falshede. See false, -hood

1. Falsehood, fib, lie, untruth refer to something untrue or incorrect. A falsehood is a statement that distorts or suppresses the truth, in order to deceive: to tell a falsehood about one's ancestry in order to gain acceptance. A fib denotes a trivial falsehood, and is often used to characterize that which is not strictly true: a polite fib. A lie is a vicious falsehood: to tell a lie about one's neighbor. An untruth is an incorrect statement, either intentionally misleading (less harsh, however, than falsehood or lie) or arising from misunderstanding or ignorance: I'm afraid you are telling an untruth.
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
falsehood (ˈfɔːlsˌhʊd)
1.  the quality of being untrue
2.  an untrue statement; lie
3.  the act of deceiving or lying

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

late 13c., "deceitfulness," also "a lie," from false + -hood.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Since the reader is genuinely unknown, any manner of falsehood can be put forth
  by the writer.
To declare that one wanted to disprove a view would show too much faith in the
  ability to tell truth from falsehood.
Academic freedom is one thing but it does not extend to teaching transparent
  falsehood as truth or even as a defensible position.
In this case, the falsehood did not jeopardize a reliable near future.
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