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fantasm

[fan-taz-uh m] /ˈfæn tæz əm/
noun
1.

phantasm

or fantasm

[fan-taz-uh m] /ˈfæn tæz əm/
noun
1.
an apparition or specter.
2.
a creation of the imagination or fancy; fantasy.
3.
a mental image or representation of a real object.
4.
an illusory likeness of something.
Origin of phantasm
1175-1225
1175-1225; < Latin phantasma < Greek phántasma image, vision (akin to phantázein to bring before the mind); replacing Middle English fantesme < Old French < Latin as above
Synonyms
1. ghost, vision. See apparition. 4. hallucination, illusion.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fantasm
Historical Examples
  • Later still, they found a little water poured in a basin or held in the hollow of the hand showed as true a fantasm.

    The Thing from the Lake Eleanor M. Ingram
  • Then I was right in calling you a dreamer, for love itself is a fantasm inspired by hope or memory.

    With Edge Tools Hobart Chatfield-Taylor
British Dictionary definitions for fantasm

fantasm

/ˈfæntæzəm/
noun
1.
an archaic spelling of phantasm
Derived Forms
fantasmal, fantasmic, adjective
fantasmally, fantasmically, adverb

phantasm

/ˈfæntæzəm/
noun
1.
a phantom
2.
an illusory perception of an object, person, etc
3.
(in the philosophy of Plato) objective reality as distorted by perception
Derived Forms
phantasmal, phantasmic, adjective
phantasmally, phantasmically, adverb
Word Origin
C13: from Old French fantasme, from Latin phantasma, from Greek; related to Greek phantazein to cause to be seen, from phainein to show
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fantasm

phantasm

n.

early 13c., fantesme, from Old French fantosme "a dream, illusion, fantasy; apparition, ghost, phantom" (12c.), and directly from Latin phantasma "an apparition, specter," from Greek phantasma "image, phantom, apparition; mere image, unreality," from phantazein "to make visible, display," from stem of phainein "to bring to light, make appear; come to light, be seen, appear; explain, expound, inform against; appear to be so," from PIE root *bha- (1) "to shine" (cf. Sanskrit bhati "shines, glitters," Old Irish ban "white, light, ray of light"). Spelling conformed to Latin from 16c. (see ph). A spelling variant of phantom, "differentiated, but so that the differences are elusive" [Fowler].

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fantasm in Medicine

phantasm phan·tasm (fān'tāz'əm)
n.

  1. Something apparently seen but having no physical reality; an apparition.

  2. An illusory mental image.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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12
14
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