farthingale

farthingale

[fahr-thing-geyl]
noun
a hoop skirt or framework for expanding a woman's skirt, worn in the 16th and 17th centuries.

Origin:
1545–55; earlier verdynggale < Middle French verdugale, alteration of Old Spanish verdugado, equivalent to verdug(o) tree-shoot, rod (verd(e) green (< Latin viridis) + -ugo noun suffix) + -ado -ade1; so called from rod used to extend skirt

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Collins
World English Dictionary
farthingale (ˈfɑːðɪŋˌɡeɪl)
 
n
a hoop or framework worn under skirts, esp in the Elizabethan period, to shape and spread them
 
[C16: from French verdugale, from Old Spanish verdugado, from verdugo rod]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

farthingale
1550s, from O.Fr. verdugale, from Sp. verdugado, from verdugo "rod, stick."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

farthingale

underskirt expanded by a series of circular hoops that increase in diameter from the waist down to the hem and are sewn into the underskirt to make it rigid. The fashion spread from Spain to the rest of Europe from 1545 onward. The frame could be made of whalebone, wood, or wire. The shape was first domed, coned, or bell-like; later it became more like a tub or drum. The fashion persisted in most European courts until 1620, with variations such as the French farthingale-which descended from a round padded bolster-and the Italian, or wheel, farthingale-which tilted upward at the back.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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