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fatigue

[fuh-teeg] /fəˈtig/
noun
1.
weariness from bodily or mental exertion.
2.
a cause of weariness; slow ordeal; exertion:
the fatigue of driving for many hours.
3.
Physiology. temporary diminution of the irritability or functioning of organs, tissues, or cells after excessive exertion or stimulation.
4.
Civil Engineering. the weakening or breakdown of material subjected to stress, especially a repeated series of stresses.
5.
Also called fatigue duty. Military.
  1. labor of a generally nonmilitary kind done by soldiers, such as cleaning up an area, digging drainage ditches, or raking leaves.
  2. the state of being engaged in such labor:
    on fatigue.
6.
fatigues, Military, fatigue clothes.
adjective
7.
of or relating to fatigues or any clothing made to resemble them:
The guerrilla band wore fatigue pants and field jackets. She brought fatigue shorts to wear on the hike.
verb (used with object), fatigued, fatiguing.
8.
to weary with bodily or mental exertion; exhaust the strength of:
Endless chatter fatigues me.
9.
Civil Engineering. to subject (a material) to fatigue.
verb (used without object), fatigued, fatiguing.
10.
to become fatigued.
11.
Civil Engineering. (of a material) to undergo fatigue.
Origin of fatigue
1685-1695
1685-95; < French fatigue (noun), fatiguer (v.) < Latin fatīgāre to tire
Related forms
fatigueless, adjective
fatiguingly, adverb
antifatigue, adjective
unfatiguing, adjective
Synonyms
8. tire, debilitate, enervate.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fatiguing
Historical Examples
  • The next day I held on northward, though the weather was very unfavorable and the walking heavy and fatiguing.

  • This was our most fatiguing day, and we wanted our last encampment to be the best.

    It Happened in Egypt C. N. Williamson
  • But, had he been given his way, he would have gone direct from his fatiguing overseas journey into the Old Rec.

  • In the present delicate state of their health this would be too fatiguing.

    Welsh Fairy Tales William Elliott Griffis
  • Arthur came to her side with a whispered word about her own need of rest and refreshment after her fatiguing journey.

    Elsie's children Martha Finley
  • For this reason alone the reading of that work is a fatiguing process.

  • A fatiguing stairway of nine hundred steps leads to the top, and there is also a slow-moving elevator.

  • But when they are not yours, when you have really no right to them, it is not fatiguing to say so.

    The Paliser case Edgar Saltus
  • He let his mind rest as well as his frame, not fatiguing it by following out any definite chain of ideas.

    The Haunted Room A. L. O. E.
  • Our day had been very long and fatiguing—the cattle exhausted.

British Dictionary definitions for fatiguing

fatigue

/fəˈtiːɡ/
noun
1.
physical or mental exhaustion due to exertion
2.
a tiring activity or effort
3.
(physiol) the temporary inability of an organ or part to respond to a stimulus because of overactivity
4.
the progressive cracking of a material subjected to alternating stresses, esp vibrations
5.
the temporary inability to respond to a situation or perform a function, because of overexposure or overactivity: compassion fatigue
6.
  1. any of the mainly domestic duties performed by military personnel, esp as a punishment
  2. (as modifier): fatigue duties
7.
(pl) special clothing worn by military personnel to carry out such duties
verb -tigues, -tiguing, -tigued
8.
to make or become weary or exhausted
9.
to crack or break (a material or part) by inducing fluctuating stresses in it, or (of a metal or part) to become weakened or fail as a result of fluctuating stresses
Derived Forms
fatigable (ˈfætɪɡəbəl) adjective
fatigueless, adjective
Word Origin
C17: from French, from fatiguer to tire, from Latin fatīgāre
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fatiguing

fatigue

n.

1660s, "that which causes weariness," from French fatigue "weariness," from fatiguer "to tire," from Latin fatigare, originally "to cause to break down," later, "to weary, fatigue, tire out," from pre-Latin adj. *fati-agos "driving to the point of breakdown," from Old Latin *fatis (of unknown origin, related to adv. affatim "sufficiently" and to fatisci "crack, split") + root of agere "to drive" (see act (n.)). Meaning "weariness from exertion" is from 1719.

v.

1690s, from French fatiguer (15c.), from fatigue (see fatigue (n.). Earlier in same sense was fatigate (1530s). Related: Fatigued; fatiguing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fatiguing in Medicine

fatigue fa·tigue (fə-tēg')
n.

  1. Physical or mental weariness resulting from exertion.

  2. A sensation of boredom and lassitude due to absence of stimulation, to monotony, or to lack of interest in one's surroundings.

  3. The decreased capacity or complete inability of an organism, an organ, or a part to function normally because of excessive stimulation or prolonged exertion.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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