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favor

[fey-ver] /ˈfeɪ vər/
noun
1.
something done or granted out of goodwill, rather than from justice or for remuneration; a kind act:
to ask a favor.
2.
friendly or well-disposed regard; goodwill:
to win the favor of the king.
3.
the state of being approved or held in regard:
to be in favor at court; styles that are now in favor.
4.
excessive kindness or unfair partiality; preferential treatment:
to treat some people with favor and others with neglect.
5.
a gift bestowed as a token of goodwill, kind regard, love, etc., as formerly upon a knight by his lady.
6.
a ribbon, badge, etc., worn in evidence of goodwill or loyalty, as by an adherent of a political party.
7.
a small gift or decorative or festive item, as a noisemaker or paper hat, often distributed to guests at a party.
8.
Usually, favors. sexual intimacy, especially as permitted by a woman.
9.
Archaic. a letter, especially a commercial one.
verb (used with object)
10.
to regard with favor:
to favor an enterprise.
11.
to prefer; treat with partiality:
The father favored his younger son.
12.
to show favor to; oblige:
The king favored him with an audience.
13.
to be favorable to; facilitate:
The wind favored their journey.
14.
to deal with, treat, or use gently:
to favor a lame leg.
15.
to aid or support:
He favored his party's cause with ample funds.
16.
to bear a physical resemblance to; resemble:
to favor one's father's side of the family.
Idioms
17.
find favor with, to gain the favor of; be liked by:
The play found favor with the opening-night audience.
18.
in favor of,
  1. on the side of; in support of:
    to be in favor of reduced taxation.
  2. to the advantage of.
  3. (of a check, draft, etc.) payable to:
    Make out your checks in favor of the corporation.
19.
in one's favor, to one's credit or advantage:
All the comments were in your favor.
20.
out of favor, no longer liked or approved; no longer popular or fashionable:
He's out of favor with the president and may soon be fired.
Also, especially British, favour.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English favo(u)r < Anglo-French, Old French < Latin favōr- (stem of favor) goodwill, equivalent to fav(ēre) to be favorably inclined + -ōr- -or1
Related forms
favorer, noun
overfavor, verb (used with object)
prefavor, noun, verb (used with object)
unfavoring, adjective
Synonyms
2. Favor, goodwill imply a kindly regard or friendly disposition shown by an individual or group. Favor may be merely an attitude of mind: to look with favor on a proposal. Goodwill is more active and leads often to outward manifestations of friendly approval: By frequent applause the audience showed its goodwill toward the speaker. 5. present. 10. approve, countenance, sanction. 12. encourage, patronize. 15. help, assist.
Antonyms
2. animosity, malice. 10. disapprove.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for favor
  • Public opinion is already overwhelmingly in favor of a balanced approach.
  • Decorate simple favor boxes with pretty bows and paper cuffs.
  • But it is now time to retire this technology in favor of more energy-efficient models.
  • Fertilizers containing seaweed are gaining favor with many gardeners.
  • Voting for the new contract is now running overwhelmingly in favor.
  • Do not show them more favor for what they boast they will perform, than resentment for what they have already committed.
  • Taking jelly beans one at a time, you can easily fail to realize that you favor a single color.
  • Linear time disappears in favor of a poetic meditation upon the object, and within it, a curious juxtaposition of imagery.
  • Their subjects made donations to the temples to curry favor-both with the gods and with the local ruler.
  • And it's always in their own favor without regard to the needs of others.
British Dictionary definitions for favor

favour

/ˈfeɪvə/
noun
1.
an approving attitude; good will
2.
an act performed out of good will, generosity, or mercy
3.
prejudice and partiality; favouritism
4.
a condition of being regarded with approval or good will (esp in the phrases in favour, out of favour)
5.
(archaic) leave; permission
6.
a token of love, goodwill, etc
7.
a small gift or toy given to a guest at a party
8.
(history) a badge or ribbon worn or given to indicate loyalty, often bestowed on a knight by a lady
9.
(obsolete, mainly Brit) a communication, esp a business letter
10.
(archaic) appearance
11.
find favour with, to be approved of by someone
12.
in favour of
  1. approving
  2. to the benefit of
  3. (of a cheque, etc) made out to
  4. in order to show preference for I rejected him in favour of George
verb (transitive)
13.
to regard with especial kindness or approval
14.
to treat with partiality or favouritism
15.
to support; advocate
16.
to perform a favour for; oblige
17.
to help; facilitate
18.
(informal) to resemble he favours his father
19.
to wear habitually she favours red
20.
to treat gingerly or with tenderness; spare a footballer favouring an injured leg
See also favours
Derived Forms
favourer, (US) favorer, noun
favouringly, (US) favoringly, adverb
Word Origin
C14: from Latin, from favēre to protect
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for favor
n.

c.1300, "attractiveness, charm," from Old French favor (13c., Modern French faveur) "favor, approval, partiality," from Latin favorem (nominative favor) "good will, inclination, partiality, support," coined by Cicero from stem of favere "to show kindness to," from PIE *ghow-e- "to honor, revere, worship." Meaning "act of kindness" is from late 14c. Meaning "thing given as a mark of favor" is from 1580s. Phrase in favor of recorded from 1560s.

v.

"to regard with favor, indulge, treat with partiality," mid-14c., from Old French favorer, from favor (see favor (n.)). Related: Favored; favoring.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Idioms and Phrases with favor
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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