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fennel

[fen-l] /ˈfɛn l/
noun
1.
a plant, Foeniculum vulgare, of the parsley family, having feathery leaves and umbels of small, yellow flowers.
2.
Also, fennel seed. the aromatic fruits of this plant, used in cookery and medicine.
3.
any of various more or less similar plants, as Ferula communis (giant fennel) a tall, ornamental plant.
Origin of fennel
900
before 900; Middle English fenel, Old English fenol, variant of finu(g)l < Vulgar Latin *fenuclum, for Latin fēniculum, faeniculum, equivalent to faeni- (combining form of faenum hay) + -culum -cle1
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fennel
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • Well, fennel was suspected—detected, in short—of cheating at cards.

    Johnny Ludlow, Fifth Series Mrs. Henry Wood
  • fennel, for instance, emblemised flattery, and columbine ingratitude.

    Storyology Benjamin Taylor
  • “I did not think of it; it was he thought of it,” returned Mrs. fennel in her simple way.

    Johnny Ludlow, Fifth Series Mrs. Henry Wood
  • Mrs. Smith said the major called him Mr. fennel, and he ought to know.

    Johnny Ludlow, Fifth Series Mrs. Henry Wood
  • She had not the slightest doubt that Captain fennel had borrowed of him—and not for the first time.

    Johnny Ludlow, Fifth Series Mrs. Henry Wood
British Dictionary definitions for fennel

fennel

/ˈfɛnəl/
noun
1.
a strong-smelling yellow-flowered umbelliferous plant, Foeniculum vulgare, whose seeds and feathery leaves are used to season and flavour food See also finocchio
2.
another name for mayweed
Word Origin
Old English fenol, from Latin faeniculum fennel, diminutive of faenum hay
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fennel
n.

Old English fenol, finul, perhaps via (or influenced by) Old French fenoil or directly from Vulgar Latin fenuculum, from Latin feniculum, diminutive of fenum, faenum "hay," probably literally "produce" (see fecund). Apparently so called from its hay-like appearance and sweet odor.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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9
12
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