[fee-uhn-ket-oh, -chet-oh] Chess.
noun, plural fianchetti [fee-uhn-ket-ee, -chet-ee] .
the development of a bishop, in an opening move, by advancing one or two pawns so as to permit movement along the bishop's diagonal.
verb (used without object), verb (used with object), fianchettoed, fianchettoing.
to set up or develop as a fianchetto.

1840–50; < Italian; see flank, -et Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
fianchetto (ˌfɪənˈtʃɛtəʊ, -ˈkɛtəʊ)
n , pl -tos, -ti
1.  the development of a bishop on the second rank of the neighbouring knight's file or the third rank of the nearer rook's file
vb , -tos, -ti, -toes, -toing, -toed
2.  to develop (a bishop) thus
[C19: from Italian diminutive of fiancoflank]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin & History

chess move, from It., dim. of fianco "flank" (n.).
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences for fianchetto
He was also a leading advocate and exponent of the fianchetto development of the bishops.
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