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fianchetto

[fee-uh n-ket-oh, -chet-oh] /ˌfi ənˈkɛt oʊ, -ˈtʃɛt oʊ/
noun, plural fianchetti
[fee-uh n-ket-ee, -chet-ee] /ˌfi ənˈkɛt i, -ˈtʃɛt i/ (Show IPA)
1.
the development of a bishop, in an opening move, by advancing one or two pawns so as to permit movement along the bishop's diagonal.
verb (used without object), verb (used with object), fianchettoed, fianchettoing.
2.
to set up or develop as a fianchetto.
Origin
1840-1850
1840-50; < Italian; see flank, -et
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fianchetto
  • He was also a leading advocate and exponent of the fianchetto development of the bishops.
British Dictionary definitions for fianchetto

fianchetto

/ˌfɪənˈtʃɛtəʊ; -ˈkɛtəʊ/
noun (pl) -tos, -ti (-tiː)
1.
the development of a bishop on the second rank of the neighbouring knight's file or the third rank of the nearer rook's file
verb -toes, -toing, -toed
2.
to develop (a bishop) thus
Word Origin
C19: from Italian diminutive of fiancoflank
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fianchetto
n.

chess move, Italian, diminutive of fianco "flank" (attack), from Old French flanc "hip, side" (see flank (n.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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19
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