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fiction

[fik-shuh n] /ˈfɪk ʃən/
noun
1.
the class of literature comprising works of imaginative narration, especially in prose form.
2.
works of this class, as novels or short stories:
detective fiction.
3.
something feigned, invented, or imagined; a made-up story:
We've all heard the fiction of her being in delicate health.
4.
the act of feigning, inventing, or imagining.
5.
an imaginary thing or event, postulated for the purposes of argument or explanation.
6.
Law. an allegation that a fact exists that is known not to exist, made by authority of law to bring a case within the operation of a rule of law.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Latin fictiōn- (stem of fictiō) a shaping, hence a feigning, fiction, equivalent to fict(us) molded (past participle of fingere) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
fictional, adjective
fictionally, adverb
profiction, adjective
semifiction, noun
semifictional, adjective
semifictionally, adverb
Can be confused
Synonyms
3. fable, fantasy. Fiction, fabrication, figment suggest a story that is without basis in reality. Fiction suggests a story invented and fashioned either to entertain or to deceive: clever fiction; pure fiction. Fabrication applies particularly to a false but carefully invented statement or series of statements, in which some truth is sometimes interwoven, the whole usually intended to deceive: fabrications to lure speculators. Figment applies to a tale, idea, or statement often made up to explain, justify, or glorify oneself: His rich uncle was a figment of his imagination.
Antonyms
3. fact.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fictional
  • He bases his stories around actual subjects with the writer's license to fill the fictional plots.
  • The news and entertainment media tend to invent a fictional world that justifies and elevates their counter-position to it.
  • The next installment in the quiet exploits of the best fictional vet around.
  • To be sure, there are doubts among some legal scholars as to whether any legal meaning can be derived from fictional narratives.
  • Whether the author's account is fictional or not, the condition exists.
  • Have students write a story about a fictional modern immigrant character.
  • However, fictional humor is slowly giving way to factual absurdities in popular culture, experts say.
  • The researchers' theoretical circuit consists of three fictional genes.
  • These kinds of experiences, however, have been limited to the world of fictional stories.
  • Get your head out of a fictional book and apply critical thinking, please.
British Dictionary definitions for fictional

fiction

/ˈfɪkʃən/
noun
1.
literary works invented by the imagination, such as novels or short stories
2.
an invented story or explanation; lie
3.
the act of inventing a story or explanation
4.
(law) something assumed to be true for the sake of convenience, though probably false
Derived Forms
fictional, adjective
fictionally, adverb
fictioneer, fictionist, noun
Word Origin
C14: from Latin fictiō a fashioning, hence something imaginary, from fingere to shape
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fictional
adj.

"pertaining to fiction," 1843, from fiction + -al (1). Earlier fictitious also was used in this sense (1773).

fiction

n.

late 14c., "something invented," from Old French ficcion (13c.) "dissimulation, ruse; invention," and directly from Latin fictionem (nominative fictio) "a fashioning or feigning," noun of action from past participle stem of fingere "to shape, form, devise, feign," originally "to knead, form out of clay," from PIE *dheigh- (cf. Old English dag "dough;" see dough). As a branch of literature, 1590s.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fictional in Culture

fiction definition


Literature that is a work of the imagination and is not necessarily based on fact. Some examples of modern works of fiction are The Great Gatsby, by F. Scott Fitzgerald, and Lolita, by Vladimir Nabokov.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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Encyclopedia Article for fictional

fiction

literature created from the imagination, not presented as fact, though it may be based on a true story or situation. Types of literature in the fiction genre include the novel, short story, and novella. The word is from the Latin fictio, "the act of making, fashioning, or molding."

Learn more about fiction with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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