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filbert

[fil-bert] /ˈfɪl bərt/
noun
1.
the thick-shelled, edible nut of certain cultivated varieties of hazel, especially of Corylus avellana, of Europe.
2.
a tree or shrub bearing such nuts.
Origin
1250-1300
1250-1300; Middle English, short for filbert nut, so called because ripe by Aug. 22 (St. Philbert's day)
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for filbert

filbert

/ˈfɪlbət/
noun
1.
any of several N temperate shrubs of the genus Corylus, esp C. maxima, that have edible rounded brown nuts: family Corylaceae
2.
Also called hazelnut, cobnut. the nut of any of these shrubs
See also hazel (sense 1), hazel (sense 3)
Word Origin
C14: named after St Philbert, 7th-century Frankish abbot, because the nuts are ripe around his feast day, Aug 22
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for filbert
n.

"hazelnut," late 14c., from Anglo-French philber (late 13c.), from Norman dialect noix de filbert, in reference to St. Philbert, 7c. Frankish abbot, so called because the hazel nuts ripen near his feast day, Aug. 22 (Old Style). Weekley compares German Lambertsnuss "filbert," associated with St. Lambert (Sept. 17); also German Johannisbeere "red currant," associated with St. John's Day (June 24). The name is Old High German Filu-berht, literally "very bright."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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