filiation

[fil-ee-ey-shuhn]
noun
1.
the fact of being the child of a certain parent.
2.
descent as if from a parent; derivation.
3.
Law. the judicial determination of the paternity of a child, especially of one born out of wedlock.
4.
the relation of one thing to another from which it is derived.
5.
the act of filiating.
6.
the state of being filiated.
7.
an affiliated branch, as of a society.

Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English filiacion < Medieval Latin fīliātiōn- (stem of fīliātiō). See filiate, -ion

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filiation (ˌfɪlɪˈeɪʃən)
 
n
1.  line of descent; lineage; derivation
2.  the fact of being the child of certain parents
3.  law the act or process of filiating
4.  law a less common word for affiliation order
5.  the set of rules governing the attachment of children to their parents and its social consequences

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

filiation
1520s, from Fr. filiation, from M.L. filiationem, noun of action from filiare.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
The standard of proof in filiation proceedings is by a preponderance of the evidence.
If the couple later divorces and the divorce decree contains filiation language, conclusive paternity has been established.
In order to prove and define their local filiation, composers chose symbols strategically.
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