finance

[fi-nans, fahy-nans]
noun
1.
the management of revenues; the conduct or transaction of money matters generally, especially those affecting the public, as in the fields of banking and investment.
2.
finances, the monetary resources, as of a government, company, organization, or individual; revenue.
verb (used with object), financed, financing.
3.
to supply with money or capital; obtain money or credit for.
verb (used without object), financed, financing.
4.
to raise money or capital needed for financial operations.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English finaunce < Anglo-French, Middle French finance, equivalent to fin(er) to end, settle, pay (see fine2) + -ance -ance

financeable, adjective
prefinance, verb (used with object), prefinanced, prefinancing.
self-finance, verb (used with object), self-financed, self-financing.
superfinance, noun, verb, superfinanced, superfinancing.
underfinance, verb (used with object), underfinanced, underfinancing.
unfinanced, adjective
well-financed, adjective

accounting, bookkeeping, finance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
finance (fɪˈnæns, ˈfaɪnæns)
 
n
1.  the system of money, credit, etc, esp with respect to government revenues and expenditures
2.  funds or the provision of funds
3.  (plural) funds; financial condition
 
vb
4.  (tr) to provide or obtain funds, capital, or credit for
5.  (intr) to manage or secure financial resources
 
[C14: from Old French, from finer to end, settle by payment]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

finance
c.1400, "an end," from M.Fr. finance "ending, settlement of a debt," from M.L. finis "a payment in settlement, fine or tax," from L. finis "end" (see finish). The notion is of "ending" (by satisfying) something that is due (cf. Gk. telos "end;" pl. tele "services due, dues
exacted by the state, financial means." See also fine (n.)). The French senses gradually were brought into English: "ransom" (mid-15c.), "taxation" (late 15c.); the sense of "manage money" first recorded in English 1770. The verb, in the capital sense, is recorded from 1827. Related: Financed; financing.

finances
"pecuniary resources," 1730, modeled on the French cognate, from pl. of finance.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Usually, this applies to finances and property, but the judge could take
  salacious texts into account when deciding who gets what.
If they're being tighter with their finances, then they're probably donating
  less money to charity.
Where there is no money, it is necessary to wait for better finances.
Eventually, the city got its finances in order, with the help of federal loans
  and loan guarantees.
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