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finance

[fi-nans, fahy-nans] /fɪˈnæns, ˈfaɪ næns/
noun
1.
the management of revenues; the conduct or transaction of money matters generally, especially those affecting the public, as in the fields of banking and investment.
2.
finances, the monetary resources, as of a government, company, organization, or individual; revenue.
verb (used with object), financed, financing.
3.
to supply with money or capital; obtain money or credit for.
verb (used without object), financed, financing.
4.
to raise money or capital needed for financial operations.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English finaunce < Anglo-French, Middle French finance, equivalent to fin(er) to end, settle, pay (see fine2) + -ance -ance
Related forms
financeable, adjective
prefinance, verb (used with object), prefinanced, prefinancing.
self-finance, verb (used with object), self-financed, self-financing.
superfinance, noun, verb, superfinanced, superfinancing.
underfinance, verb (used with object), underfinanced, underfinancing.
unfinanced, adjective
well-financed, adjective
Can be confused
accounting, bookkeeping, finance.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for finances
  • Usually, this applies to finances and property, but the judge could take salacious texts into account when deciding who gets what.
  • If they're being tighter with their finances, then they're probably donating less money to charity.
  • Where there is no money, it is necessary to wait for better finances.
  • Eventually, the city got its finances in order, with the help of federal loans and loan guarantees.
  • When he became director, two decades later, its finances were desperate.
  • Per capita income was declining rapidly, and boomers were straining the finances of a largely welfare-driven state.
  • She had a shrewd head for business and handled their finances skillfully.
  • Everything can be going good for awhile, finances are strong, everyone's enjoying it.
  • Transit agencies face budget deficits and the choice of cutting service or increasing fares to balance their finances.
  • The site would also encourage its customers not to purchase knockoffs, because that finances terrorism and the drug trade.
British Dictionary definitions for finances

finance

/fɪˈnæns; ˈfaɪnæns/
noun
1.
the system of money, credit, etc, esp with respect to government revenues and expenditures
2.
funds or the provision of funds
3.
(pl) funds; financial condition
verb
4.
(transitive) to provide or obtain funds, capital, or credit for
5.
(intransitive) to manage or secure financial resources
Word Origin
C14: from Old French, from finer to end, settle by payment
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for finances
n.

"pecuniary resources," 1730, modeled on the French cognate, from plural of finance (n.).

finance

n.

c.1400, "an end, settlement, retribution," from Middle French finance "ending, settlement of a debt" (13c.), noun of action from finer "to end, settle a dispute or debt," from fin (see fine (n.)). Cf. Medieval Latin finis "a payment in settlement, fine or tax."

The notion is of "ending" (by satisfying) something that is due (cf. Greek telos "end;" plural tele "services due, dues exacted by the state, financial means"). The French senses gradually were brought into English: "ransom" (mid-15c.), "taxation" (late 15c.); the sense of "management of money" first recorded in English 1770.

v.

late 15c., "to ransom;" see finance (n.). Sense of "to manage money" is recorded from 1827; that of "to furnish with money" is from 1866. Related: Financed; financing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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