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finial

[fin-ee-uh l, fahy-nee-] /ˈfɪn i əl, ˈfaɪ ni-/
noun
1.
Architecture. a relatively small, ornamental, terminal feature at the top of a gable, pinnacle, etc.
2.
an ornamental termination to the top of a piece of furniture, or of one part of such a piece.
3.
Typography. a curve terminating the main stroke of the characters in some italic fonts.
Origin
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English, derivative of Latin fīnis end; see -al1
Related forms
finialed, adjective
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Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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British Dictionary definitions for finialed

finial

/ˈfaɪnɪəl/
noun
1.
an ornament on top of a spire, gable, etc, esp in the form of a foliated fleur-de-lys
2.
an ornament at the top of a piece of furniture, etc
Derived Forms
finialed, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from finial (adj), variant of final
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for finialed

finial

n.

"ornament at the top of a spire, gable, etc.," mid-15c., from fyniall "putting an end to, binding" (early 15c.), a variant of final.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for finialed

finial

in architecture, the decorative upper termination of a pinnacle, gable end, buttress, canopy, or spire. In the Romanesque and Gothic styles, it usually consists of a vertical, pointed central element surrounded by four outcurving leaves or scrolls. When the form it decorates has crockets (small, independent, sharply projecting ornaments, usually occurring in rows), the finial may be formed of four or more crockets surrounding the central upright. Finials in the form of candelabrum shafts occur frequently in early Renaissance work. The term now applies loosely to any small pinnacle, knob, or other decorative feature terminating a vertical motif. See also crocket.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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12
14
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