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[flawr-uh, flohr-uh] /ˈflɔr ə, ˈfloʊr ə/
noun, plural floras, florae
[flawr-ee, flohr-ee] /ˈflɔr i, ˈfloʊr i/ (Show IPA),
for 2.
the plants of a particular region or period, listed by species and considered as a whole.
a work systematically describing such plants.
plants, as distinguished from fauna.
the aggregate of bacteria, fungi, and other microorganisms normally occurring on or in the bodies of humans and other animals:
intestinal flora.
Origin of flora
1655-65; < New Latin, Latin Flōra the Roman goddess of flowers (used from the 17th cent. in the titles of botanical works), derivative of Latin flōr- (stem of flōs) flower
Related forms
subflora, noun, plural subfloras, subflorae.


[flawr-uh, flohr-uh] /ˈflɔr ə, ˈfloʊr ə/
a female given name. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for flora
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • flora, in a measure, outgrew her bodily infirmities, but she was always an invalid.

    Down The River Oliver Optic
  • flora, whom he had left a lily, had become a peony; but that was not much.

    Little Dorrit Charles Dickens
  • Differences in climate, fauna and flora are purely superficial.

    Psychoanalysis Andr Tridon
  • flora had at last talked herself out of breath for one moment.

    Little Dorrit Charles Dickens
  • Then he raced off down to the tents, and told flora and Ralph and Thomas.

    Nelly's Silver Mine Helen Hunt Jackson
British Dictionary definitions for flora


noun (pl) -ras, -rae (-riː)
all the plant life of a given place or time
a descriptive list of such plants, often including a key for identification
short for intestinal flora
Word Origin
C18: from New Latin, from Latin Flōra goddess of flowers, from flōsflower


the Roman goddess of flowers
Word Origin
C16: from Latin, from flōs flower
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for flora

1777, "the plant life of a region or epoch," from Latin Flora, Roman goddess of flowers, from flos (genitive floris) "flower," from *flo-s-, Italic suffixed form of PIE *bhle- "to blossom, flourish" (cf. Middle Irish blath, Welsh blawd "blossom, flower," Old English blowan "to flower, bloom"), extended form of *bhel- (3) "to thrive, bloom," possibly identical with *bhel- (2) "to blow, swell" (see bole). Used as the title of descriptive plant catalogues since 1640s, but popularized by Linnaeus in his 1745 study of Swedish plants, "Flora Suecica."

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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flora in Medicine

flora flo·ra (flôr'ə)
n. pl. flo·ras or flo·rae (flôr'ē')

  1. Plants considered as a group.

  2. The microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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flora in Science
Plural floras or florae (flôr'ē')
  1. The plants of a particular region or time period.

  2. The bacteria and other microorganisms that normally inhabit a bodily organ or part, such as the intestine.

The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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flora in Culture
flora [(flawr-uh)]

Plants, especially the plants of a particular place and time.

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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