What is the X in X-mas?
fem. proper name, from Latin Florentia, fem. of Florentius, literally "blooming," from florens (genitive florentis), present participle of florere "to flower" (see flourish).
The c.1700 "Dictionary of the Canting Crew" defines Florence as a slang word for "a Wench that is touz'd and ruffled." This was also the Italian city name (Roman Colonia Florentia, "flowering colony," either literal or figurative), which became Old Italian Fiorenze, in modern Italian Firenze.
City in central Italy on the Arno River.
Note: Florence was the center of the Italian Renaissance from the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, during which time the artistic and intellectual life of the city flourished. Dante, Boccaccio, Botticelli, Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo were among the authors and artists who were born and were active there.
Note: It was dominated by the Medici family from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries.
Note: The city's many works of architecture include the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Pitti Palace, and the Uffizi.
Note: Florence is a tourist center known for its handicrafts.