|Ancient name: Florentia, Italian name: Firenze a city in central Italy, on the River Arno in Tuscany: became an independent republic in the 14th century; under Austrian and other rule intermittently from 1737 to 1859; capital of Italy 1865--70. It was the major cultural and artistic centre of the Renaissance and is still one of the world's chief art centres. Pop: 356 118 (2001)|
City in central Italy on the Arno River.
Note: Florence was the center of the Italian Renaissance from the fourteenth to the sixteenth centuries, during which time the artistic and intellectual life of the city flourished. Dante, Boccaccio, Botticelli, Donatello, Leonardo da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo were among the authors and artists who were born and were active there.
Note: It was dominated by the Medici family from the fifteenth to the eighteenth centuries.
Note: The city's many works of architecture include the cathedral of Santa Maria del Fiore, the Pitti Palace, and the Uffizi.
Note: Florence is a tourist center known for its handicrafts.