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flume

[floom] /flum/
noun
1.
a deep narrow defile containing a mountain stream or torrent.
2.
an artificial channel or trough for conducting water, as one used to transport logs or provide water power.
3.
an amusement park ride in which passengers are carried in a boatlike or loglike conveyance through a narrow, water-filled chute or over a water slide.
verb (used with object), flumed, fluming.
4.
to transport in a flume.
5.
to divert (a stream) by a flume.
Origin
1125-1175
1125-75; Middle English flum < Old FrenchLatin flūmen stream
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for flume
  • They ride the flume of the circulatory system to the liver.
  • The pylon disappears inside a towering flume of powder.
  • It also has picnic area, lagoon for swimming, white sandy beach area and flume water slides.
  • The more daring members can check out the park's flume slides, while the lazy river and wave pool offer more relaxing atmospheres.
  • The flume restricts the flow then lands it again in a definite fashion.
  • At the dam, water from the river is diverted into a flume, a wooden trough supported on a bench carved out of the mountainside.
  • The way a flume measurement works is that a portable flume is placed level in the stream and all flow is directed through it.
  • Thus, one may roughly but not precisely move computed velocities from the flume to the field.
British Dictionary definitions for flume

flume

/fluːm/
noun
1.
a ravine through which a stream flows
2.
a narrow artificial channel made for providing water for power, floating logs, etc
3.
a slide in the form of a long and winding tube with a stream of water running through it that descends into a purpose-built pool
verb
4.
(transitive) to transport (logs) in a flume
Word Origin
C12: from Old French flum, ultimately from Latin flūmen stream, from fluere to flow
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for flume
n.

late 12c., "stream," from Old French flum "running water, stream, river," from Latin flumen "flood, stream, running water," from fluere "to flow" (see fluent). In U.S., used especially of artificial streams channeled for some industrial purpose.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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