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foundation

[foun-dey-shuh n] /faʊnˈdeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the basis or groundwork of anything:
the moral foundation of both society and religion.
2.
the natural or prepared ground or base on which some structure rests.
3.
the lowest division of a building, wall, or the like, usually of masonry and partly or wholly below the surface of the ground.
4.
the act of founding, setting up, establishing, etc.:
a policy in effect since the foundation.
5.
the state of being founded.
6.
an institution financed by a donation or legacy to aid research, education, the arts, etc.:
the Ford Foundation.
7.
an endowment for such an institution.
8.
a cosmetic, as a cream or liquid, used as a base for facial makeup.
10.
Solitaire. a card of given denomination on which other cards are to be added according to denomination or suit.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English foundacioun < Latin fundātiōn- (stem of fundātiō), equivalent to fundāt(us) (past participle of fundāre; see found2) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
foundational, adjective
foundationally, adverb
foundationary, adjective
prefoundation, noun
Synonyms
2. See base1 . 2, 3. footing. 4, 5. establishment, settlement.
Antonyms
2, 3. superstructure.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for foundation
  • The melting of ice-rich permafrost can destroy the physical foundation of everything above: tundra and forests, houses and roads.
  • On this basis he built up a philosophy which is usually regarded as the foundation of modern thought.
  • The foundation hopes this will encourage other providers of capital to overcome their fears and put their money at risk.
  • foundation money is also supporting academic researchers studying the effects of climate change and ways to reduce pollution.
  • To spectators, the stadium was a microcosm of the empire, and its games a re-enactment of their foundation myths.
  • Use as low hedge, as foundation planting, in containers add to my plant list.
  • As each chapter is finished, the foundation plans to put it into the hands of anyone who wants it.
  • Non-profits are also seeking changes to the federal tax code to further encourage corporate, foundation and individual donations.
  • Good low foundation plant or tidy divider between lawn and walkway add to my plant list.
  • Shallow water may have given him a solid foundation to build a road.
British Dictionary definitions for foundation

foundation

/faʊnˈdeɪʃən/
noun
1.
that on which something is founded; basis
2.
(often pl) a construction below the ground that distributes the load of a building, wall, etc
3.
the base on which something stands
4.
the act of founding or establishing or the state of being founded or established
5.
  1. an endowment or legacy for the perpetual support of an institution such as a school or hospital
  2. on the foundation, entitled to benefit from the funds of a foundation
6.
an institution supported by an endowment, often one that provides funds for charities, research, etc
7.
the charter incorporating or establishing a society or institution and the statutes or rules governing its affairs
8.
a cosmetic in cream or cake form used as a base for make-up
10.
(cards) a card on which a sequence may be built
Derived Forms
foundational, adjective
foundationally, adverb
foundationary, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for foundation
n.

late 14c., "action of founding," from Old French fondacion (14c.) or directly from Latin fundationem (nominative fundatio) "a founding," noun of action from past participle stem of fundare (see found (v.1)). The Latin word is glossed in Old English by staþol. Meaning "that which is founded" (a college, hospital, etc.) is from 1510s; meaning "funds endowed" is early 15c. Sense of "solid base of a structure" is from late 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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foundation in Medicine

foundation foun·da·tion (foun-dā'shən)
n.
The basis on which something stands or is supported; a base.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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foundation in Technology


The axiom of foundation states that the membership relation is well founded, i.e. that any non-empty collection Y of sets has a member y which is disjoint from Y. This rules out sets which contain themselves (directly or indirectly).

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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