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foundation

[foun-dey-shuh n] /faʊnˈdeɪ ʃən/
noun
1.
the basis or groundwork of anything:
the moral foundation of both society and religion.
2.
the natural or prepared ground or base on which some structure rests.
3.
the lowest division of a building, wall, or the like, usually of masonry and partly or wholly below the surface of the ground.
4.
the act of founding, setting up, establishing, etc.:
a policy in effect since the foundation.
5.
the state of being founded.
6.
an institution financed by a donation or legacy to aid research, education, the arts, etc.:
the Ford Foundation.
7.
an endowment for such an institution.
8.
a cosmetic, as a cream or liquid, used as a base for facial makeup.
10.
Solitaire. a card of given denomination on which other cards are to be added according to denomination or suit.
Origin
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English foundacioun < Latin fundātiōn- (stem of fundātiō), equivalent to fundāt(us) (past participle of fundāre; see found2) + -iōn- -ion
Related forms
foundational, adjective
foundationally, adverb
foundationary, adjective
prefoundation, noun
Synonyms
2. See base1 . 2, 3. footing. 4, 5. establishment, settlement.
Antonyms
2, 3. superstructure.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples for foundations
  • Along the dirt road, the foundations of a few mud-brick houses were still visible.
  • The foundations of modern astronomy were laid largely by amateurs.
  • Some commentators suspected the bridge's foundations, others an unusual air pattern.
  • Mountain-top restaurants and cable cars are starting to shift on their foundations.
  • Cracks appeared in other ancient sites as the concussion of nearby explosions rocked ancient foundations.
  • The foundations of crumbling mosques and collapsing houses were cluttered with rusting tins and broken bottles.
  • The book which was introduced by this dedication laid the foundations of modern astronomy.
  • And in no long time they had erected a two-story building on high foundations and approached by steps.
  • Brick buildings with foundations of unreinforced masonry, especially those standing on land fill, proved especially vulnerable.
  • Booms, on the other hand, tend to have strong foundations and gentle conclusions.
British Dictionary definitions for foundations

foundation

/faʊnˈdeɪʃən/
noun
1.
that on which something is founded; basis
2.
(often pl) a construction below the ground that distributes the load of a building, wall, etc
3.
the base on which something stands
4.
the act of founding or establishing or the state of being founded or established
5.
  1. an endowment or legacy for the perpetual support of an institution such as a school or hospital
  2. on the foundation, entitled to benefit from the funds of a foundation
6.
an institution supported by an endowment, often one that provides funds for charities, research, etc
7.
the charter incorporating or establishing a society or institution and the statutes or rules governing its affairs
8.
a cosmetic in cream or cake form used as a base for make-up
10.
(cards) a card on which a sequence may be built
Derived Forms
foundational, adjective
foundationally, adverb
foundationary, adjective
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for foundations

foundation

n.

late 14c., "action of founding," from Old French fondacion (14c.) or directly from Latin fundationem (nominative fundatio) "a founding," noun of action from past participle stem of fundare (see found (v.1)). The Latin word is glossed in Old English by staþol. Meaning "that which is founded" (a college, hospital, etc.) is from 1510s; meaning "funds endowed" is early 15c. Sense of "solid base of a structure" is from late 15c.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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foundations in Medicine

foundation foun·da·tion (foun-dā'shən)
n.
The basis on which something stands or is supported; a base.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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15
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