an infant or small child found abandoned; a child without a known parent or guardian.

1250–1300; Middle English found(e)ling. See found1, -ling1

fondling, foundling. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
foundling (ˈfaʊndlɪŋ)
an abandoned infant whose parents are not known
[C13: foundeling; see find]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

"deserted infant," c.1300, from M.E. founden "found," pp. of finden (see find) + dim. suffix -ling.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
It is quite heavy and they put it on a table, and soon discover that it contains a foundling.
In the foundling home, many nursing infants died of childbed fever.
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