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fracture

[frak-cher] /ˈfræk tʃər/
noun
1.
the breaking of a bone, cartilage, or the like, or the resulting condition.
2.
the act of breaking; state of being broken.
3.
a break, breach, or split.
4.
the characteristic manner of breaking:
a material of unpredictable fracture.
5.
the characteristic appearance of a broken surface, as of a mineral.
verb (used with object), fractured, fracturing.
6.
to cause or to suffer a fracture in (a bone, etc.).
7.
to break or crack.
8.
Slang. to amuse highly or cause to laugh heartily; delight:
The new comic really fractured the audience.
verb (used without object), fractured, fracturing.
9.
to become fractured; break:
a mineral that does not fracture easily.
Origin
late Middle English
1375-1425
1375-1425; late Middle English < Middle French < Latin frāctūra a breach, cleft, fracture, equivalent to frāct(us) (past participle of frangere to break) + -ūra -ure
Related forms
fracturable, adjective
fractural, adjective
fracturer, noun
postfracture, adjective, noun
refracturable, adjective
refracture, verb, refractured, refracturing.
unfractured, adjective
Synonyms
7. smash, shatter, splinter, rupture, split.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fracture
  • Hip fracture surgery is done to repair a break in the upper part of the thigh bone.
  • Once you lose your footing it is easy to fall and break your back, your tongue, your head or fracture your bones.
  • Differences and tensions both drive and fracture the movement.
  • To recover the heat, the project's operators would have needed to fracture the rock and circulate water through it.
  • In general, include the joint above and below the fracture in the splint.
  • The latest work suggests that smoking robs the bones of their mineral density, making them more likely to fracture.
  • Often follows a fall with fracture that needs surgical repair.
  • Trying to fracture society into different groups that cannot easily communicate with each other is counterproductive.
  • Another way sinkholes can form is if water enlarges a natural fracture in a limestone bedrock layer.
  • Medical science has known for some time that the direction of a bone fracture depends on how quickly the bone is compressed.
British Dictionary definitions for fracture

fracture

/ˈfræktʃə/
noun
1.
the act of breaking or the state of being broken
2.
  1. the breaking or cracking of a bone or the tearing of a cartilage
  2. the resulting condition See also Colles' fracture, comminuted fracture, compound fracture, greenstick fracture, impacted (sense 2)
3.
a division, split, or breach
4.
(mineralogy)
  1. the characteristic appearance of the surface of a freshly broken mineral or rock
  2. the way in which a mineral or rock naturally breaks
verb
5.
to break or cause to break; split
6.
to break or crack (a bone) or (of a bone) to become broken or cracked
7.
to tear (a cartilage) or (of a cartilage) to become torn
Derived Forms
fracturable, adjective
fractural, adjective
Word Origin
C15: from Old French, from Latin fractūra, from frangere to break
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fracture
n.

early 15c., "a breaking of a bone," from Middle French fracture (14c.), from Latin fractura "a breach, break, cleft," from fractus, past participle of frangere "to break" (see fraction).

v.

1610s (implied in fractured), from fracture (n.). Related: Fracturing.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fracture in Medicine

fracture frac·ture (frāk'chər)
n.

  1. The act or process of breaking.

  2. A break, rupture, or crack, especially in bone or cartilage.

v.
To cause to break.
The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fracture in Science
fracture
  (frāk'chər)   
A break or rupture in bone tissue. ◇ A comminuted fracture results in more than two fragments. ◇ Although most fractures are caused by a direct blow or sudden, twisting force, stress fractures result from repetitive physical activity. ◇ In an incomplete fracture, the fracture line does not completely traverse the bone.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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Slang definitions & phrases for fracture

fracture

verb
  1. To elicit loud laughter from; lay them in the aisles: We're a riot, hey. We play all kinds of funny stuff. We fracture the people
  2. To evoke a strong reaction: That flips me out and fractures me, man (1940s+)

The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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