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independent municipality in Greater Copenhagen, eastern Denmark. It was founded in 1651 by Frederick III as a settlement for Dutch peasants brought to nearby Amager Island. Chartered in 1857, it became encircled by Copenhagen early in the 20th century. It is the site of the Copenhagen Zoo, the Royal Veterinary and Agricultural University (1856), the state broadcasting service, a commercial college, and the Military Academy in the early 18th-century Frederiksberg Slot (castle). The main industries include the Royal Porcelain Factory, the Carlsberg breweries, and cable and wireworks. Pop. (2005 est.) 91,886.