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fricative

[frik-uh-tiv] /ˈfrɪk ə tɪv/
adjective
1.
(of a speech sound) characterized by audible friction produced by forcing the breath through a constricted or partially obstructed passage in the vocal tract; spirantal; spirant.
noun
2.
Also called spirant. a fricative consonant, as (th), (v), or (h).
Origin
1855-1860
1855-60; fricat(ion) + -ive
Related forms
nonfricative, adjective, noun
unfricative, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fricative
  • Increasing the stricture of a typical trill results in a trilled fricative.
British Dictionary definitions for fricative

fricative

/ˈfrɪkətɪv/
noun
1.
a continuant consonant produced by partial occlusion of the airstream, such as (f) or (z)
adjective
2.
relating to or denoting a fricative
Word Origin
C19: from New Latin fricātivus, from Latin fricāre to rub
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
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Word Origin and History for fricative

1860 (adj.), 1863 (n.), from Modern Latin fricativus, from Latin fricatus, past participle of fricare "to rub" (see friction).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Article for fricative

in phonetics, a consonant sound, such as English f or v, produced by bringing the mouth into position to block the passage of the airstream, but not making complete closure, so that air moving through the mouth generates audible friction.

Learn more about fricative with a free trial on Britannica.com
Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Word Value for fricative

17
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