fricative

[frik-uh-tiv] Phonetics.
adjective
1.
(of a speech sound) characterized by audible friction produced by forcing the breath through a constricted or partially obstructed passage in the vocal tract; spirantal; spirant.
noun
2.
Also called spirant. a fricative consonant, as (th), (v), or (h).

Origin:
1855–60; fricat(ion) + -ive

nonfricative, adjective, noun
unfricative, adjective
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World English Dictionary
fricative (ˈfrɪkətɪv)
 
n
1.  a continuant consonant produced by partial occlusion of the airstream, such as (f) or (z)
 
adj
2.  relating to or denoting a fricative
 
[C19: from New Latin fricātivus, from Latin fricāre to rub]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

fricative
1860 (adj.), 1863 (n.), from Mod.L. fricativus, from L. fricatus, pp. of fricare "to rub."
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

fricative

in phonetics, a consonant sound, such as English f or v, produced by bringing the mouth into position to block the passage of the airstream, but not making complete closure, so that air moving through the mouth generates audible friction.

Learn more about fricative with a free trial on Britannica.com.

Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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Example sentences for fricative
Increasing the stricture of a typical trill results in a trilled fricative.
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