a gown or dress worn by a girl or woman.
a loose outer garment worn by peasants and workers; smock.
a coarse outer garment with large sleeves, worn by monks.
verb (used with object)
to provide with, or clothe in, a frock.
to invest with priestly or clerical office.

1300–50; Middle English froke < Old French froc < Frankish; compare Old Saxon, Old High German hroc coat

frockless, adjective
underfrock, noun Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
frock (frɒk)
1.  a girl's or woman's dress
2.  a loose garment of several types, such as a peasant's smock
3.  a coarse wide-sleeved outer garment worn by members of some religious orders
4.  (tr) to invest (a person) with the office or status of a cleric
[C14: from Old French froc; related to Old Saxon, Old High German hroc coat]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Word Origin & History

mid-14c., from O.Fr. froc "a monk's habit" (12c.), perhaps from Frank. *hroc (cf. O.H.G. hroc "mantle, coat;" O.N. rokkr, O.E. rocc, O.Fris. rokk, Ger. Rock "coat"), from PIE base *rug- "to spin." Another theory traces it to M.L. floccus, from L. floccus "flock of wool." Non-religious use is 1530s.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Example sentences
Since the era of frock coats and buckled shoes, finance has been knocked back by booms and busts every ten years or so.
He wore a long frock coat, a white shirt and an antique-style tie.
Figures in frock coats wielding silver spoons appear on the horizon they seek a duel where three parties meet.
He is brilliantly dressed in a new fashionable frock-coat, with white waistcoat and grey trousers.
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