9 Grammatical Pitfalls


[froo-guh l] /ˈfru gəl/
economical in use or expenditure; prudently saving or sparing; not wasteful:
What your office needs is a frugal manager who can save you money without resorting to painful cutbacks.
entailing little expense; requiring few resources; meager; scanty:
a frugal meal.
Synonyms: scant, slim, sparing, skimpy.
Antonyms: luxurious, lavish, profuse.
Origin of frugal
1590-1600; < Latin frūgālis economical, equivalent to frūg- (stem of frūx produce, fruit) + -ālis -al1
Related forms
frugality, frugalness, noun
frugally, adverb
nonfrugal, adjective
nonfrugally, adverb
nonfrugalness, noun
overfrugal, adjective
overfrugally, adverb
unfrugal, adjective
unfrugally, adverb
unfrugalness, noun
Synonym Study
Economical, thrifty, frugal imply careful and saving use of resources. Economical implies prudent planning in the disposition of resources so as to avoid unnecessary waste or expense: economical in budgeting household expenditures. Thrifty is a stronger word than economical, and adds to it the idea of industry and successful management: a thrifty shopper looking for bargains. Frugal emphasizes being saving, sometimes excessively saving, especially in such matters as food or dress: frugal almost to the point of being stingy. Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the web for frugal
  • When individuals try it, they are considered frugal or maximizing their dollar.
  • Of course, none of this precludes the possibility that our frugal ways will endure even after the economy starts to recover.
  • Somewhere out there is an ambitious but frugal high-school graduate who wants to avoid a traditional college path.
  • We are both frugal so there have not been any arguments about money.
  • And while you're driving around in your old vehicle be frugal with the gas and brakes.
  • They are not interested in what the frugal or poor buyer wants.
  • So texting there is considered frugal, which helps conserve the carrier's bandwidth.
  • He's good at his office job with a hardware company, frugal, responsible.
  • Mildred endures the type of suffering which is endured by the well-bred, frugal, plucky spinster.
  • Gradually he retreated from society to a solitary, frugal life in bedsitters.
British Dictionary definitions for frugal


practising economy; living without waste; thrifty
not costly; meagre
Derived Forms
frugality, frugalness, noun
frugally, adverb
Word Origin
C16: from Latin frūgālis, from frūgī useful, temperate, from frux fruit
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for frugal

1590s, from Middle French frugal, from Latin frugalis, from undeclined adj. frugi "useful, proper, worthy, honest; temperate, economical," originally dative of frux (plural fruges) "fruit, produce," figuratively "value, result, success," related to fructus (see fruit). Sense evolved in Latin from "useful" to "profitable" to "economical." Related: Frugally.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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