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fugue

[fyoog] /fyug/
noun
1.
Music. a polyphonic composition based upon one, two, or more themes, which are enunciated by several voices or parts in turn, subjected to contrapuntal treatment, and gradually built up into a complex form having somewhat distinct divisions or stages of development and a marked climax at the end.
2.
Psychiatry. a period during which a person suffers from loss of memory, often begins a new life, and, upon recovery, remembers nothing of the amnesic phase.
Origin of fugue
1590-1600
1590-1600; < French < Italian fuga < Latin: flight
Related forms
fuguelike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fugue
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • On reaching the second voice in the fugue Cantelupe's virtuosity breaks down.

    Waste Granville Barker
  • And now it was no longer a fugue of sounds—it was a fugue of all sensations.

    Audrey Craven May Sinclair
  • The next year he again secured the first prize for fugue; this was in July 1840.

  • She doesn't know a fugue from a bass viol, and she never hesitates to say so.

    The Dominant Strain Anna Chapin Ray
  • But least of all does the grandeur of the fugue rest upon its complexity.

    Sebastian Bach Reginald Lane Poole
  • The pianist made no sign, having reached the fugue following the prelude.

    Melomaniacs James Huneker
  • I think, however, it would be entirely possible to stain the unpainted wood to produce any desired symphony, fugue or discord.

British Dictionary definitions for fugue

fugue

/fjuːɡ/
noun
1.
a musical form consisting essentially of a theme repeated a fifth above or a fourth below the continuing first statement
2.
(psychiatry) a dreamlike altered state of consciousness, lasting from a few hours to several days, during which a person loses his or her memory for his or her previous life and often wanders away from home
Derived Forms
fuguelike, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from French, from Italian fuga, from Latin: a running away, flight
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fugue
n.

1590s, fuge, from Italian fuga "ardor," literally "flight," from Latin fuga "act of fleeing," from fugere "to flee" (see fugitive). Current spelling (1660s) is from the French version of the Italian word.

A Fugue is a composition founded upon one subject, announced at first in one part alone, and subsequently imitated by all the other parts in turn, according to certain general principles to be hereafter explained. The name is derived from the Latin word fuga, a flight, from the idea that one part starts on its course alone, and that those which enter later are pursuing it. ["Fugue," Ebenezer Prout, 1891]

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fugue in Medicine

fugue (fyōōg)
n.
A pathological amnesiac condition that may persist for several months and usually results from severe mental stress, in which one is apparently conscious of one's actions but has no recollection of them after returning to a normal state.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fugue in Technology

language, music
A music language implemented in Xlisp.
["Fugue: A Functional Language for Sound Synthesis", R.B. Dannenberg et al, Computer 24(7):36-41 (Jul 1991)].
(1994-12-01)

The Free On-line Dictionary of Computing, © Denis Howe 2010 http://foldoc.org
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