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fume

[fyoom] /fyum/
noun
1.
Often, fumes. any smokelike or vaporous exhalation from matter or substances, especially of an odorous or harmful nature:
tobacco fumes; noxious fumes of carbon monoxide.
2.
an irritable or angry mood:
He has been in a fume ever since the contract fell through.
verb (used with object), fumed, fuming.
3.
to emit or exhale, as fumes or vapor:
giant stacks fuming their sooty smoke.
4.
to treat with or expose to fumes.
5.
to show fretful irritation or anger:
She always fumes when the mail is late.
verb (used without object), fumed, fuming.
6.
to rise, or pass off, as fumes:
smoke fuming from an ashtray.
7.
to emit fumes:
The leaky pipe fumed alarmingly.
Origin of fume
1350-1400
1350-1400; Middle English < Old French fum < Latin fūmus smoke, steam, fume
Related forms
fumeless, adjective
fumelike, adjective
fumer, noun
fumingly, adverb
unfuming, adjective
Synonyms
2. rage, fury, agitation, storm. 5. chafe, fret.

fumé

[fy-mey] /füˈmeɪ/
adjective, French.
1.
of food, cured or flavored by exposure to smoke; smoked.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for fume
Historical Examples
  • It is first found, in spite of the fume of the engines, in Howrah Station.

    From Sea to Sea Rudyard Kipling
  • Dumoulin was hot-blooded, noisy, unmethodical, always in a state of fuss and fume!

    A Nest of Spies Pierre Souvestre
  • Put them upon a plate of iron, or of warmed copper: and if they fume not, it is a signe they are all deprived of their spirits.

  • We glare and fume and could gladly see them all maced in sunder with battle-axes.

    Pipefuls Christopher Morley
  • Mornay, would it not be sweet to leave all this fret and fume, and ride away to the green woods by Coarraze?'

    A Gentleman of France Stanley Weyman
  • They could only stand with lowered heads and fume and rumble.

    Space Prison Tom Godwin
  • In vain did the squire stamp, and fume, and demand to know what was the matter; his only answer was a fresh explosion of mirth.

    Sharing Her Crime May Agnes Fleming
  • Fiorsen was standing at the window in a fume of cigarette smoke.

    Beyond John Galsworthy
  • And she went away, leaving him to fume under this indignity.

  • Yes, exit Stewie and enter somebody else for you fuss and fume about.

British Dictionary definitions for fume

fume

/fjuːm/
verb
1.
(intransitive) to be overcome with anger or fury; rage
2.
to give off (fumes) or (of fumes) to be given off, esp during a chemical reaction
3.
(transitive) to subject to or treat with fumes; fumigate
noun
4.
(often pl) a pungent or toxic vapour
5.
a sharp or pungent odour
6.
a condition of anger
Derived Forms
fumeless, adjective
fumelike, adjective
fumer, noun
fumingly, adverb
fumy, adjective
Word Origin
C14: from Old French fum, from Latin fūmus smoke, vapour
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fume
n.

late 14c., from Old French fum "smoke, steam, vapor, breath," from Latin fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (source of Italian fumo, Spanish humo), from PIE *dheu- (cf. Sanskrit dhumah, Old Church Slavonic dymu, Lithuanian dumai, Old Prussian dumis "smoke," Middle Irish dumacha "fog," Greek thymos "spirit, mind, soul").

v.

c.1400, "to fumigate," from Old French fumer, from Latin fumare "to smoke, steam," from fumus "smoke, steam, fume" (see fume (n.)). Figurative sense of "show anger" is first recorded 1520s. Related: Fumed; fumes; fuming.

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fume in Science
fume
  (fym)   
Smoke, vapor, or gas, especially if irritating, harmful, or smelly.
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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