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fungi

[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] /ˈfʌn dʒaɪ, ˈfʌŋ gaɪ/
noun
1.
a plural of fungus.

Fungi

[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] /ˈfʌn dʒaɪ, ˈfʌŋ gaɪ/
noun, (used with a plural verb) Biology
1.
a taxonomic kingdom, or in some classification schemes a division of the kingdom Plantae, comprising all the fungus groups and sometimes also the slime molds.
Also called Mycota.
Origin
< Neo-Latin; see fungus

fungi-

1.
a combining form representing fungus, in compound words:
fungicide.

fungus

[fuhng-guh s] /ˈfʌŋ gəs/
noun, plural fungi
[fuhn-jahy, fuhng-gahy] /ˈfʌn dʒaɪ, ˈfʌŋ gaɪ/ (Show IPA),
funguses.
1.
any of a diverse group of eukaryotic single-celled or multinucleate organisms that live by decomposing and absorbing the organic material in which they grow, comprising the mushrooms, molds, mildews, smuts, rusts, and yeasts, and classified in the kingdom Fungi or, in some classification systems, in the division Fungi (Thallophyta) of the kingdom Plantae.
2.
Pathology. a spongy, abnormal growth, as granulation tissue formed in a wound.
adjective
3.
Origin
1520-30; < Latin: fungus, mushroom; perhaps akin to Greek spóngos, sphóngos sponge
Related forms
fungic
[fuhn-jik] /ˈfʌn dʒɪk/ (Show IPA),
adjective
funguslike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for fungi
  • And fungi are, strangely, quite close relations of ours.
  • These are the animals, the plants, the fungi and single-celled creatures such as ciliates.
  • fungi that infect human skin or nails are known to carry similarly large and diverse sets of protein slicers.
  • Keeping the plant too wet makes it easier for bacteria or fungi to establish themselves.
  • fungi don't need a weatherman to know which way the wind blows.
  • Such an inflammation may be caused by bacteria, viruses or fungi.
  • And they may do it, surprisingly, because fungi seem to get prions too.
  • And let's not forget the wild mushrooms that opened my heart to fungi in the first place, cèpes.
  • The end chemical products are the same either way, except humans get to use the energy, instead of the fungi.
  • Billions of bacteria and fungi are ready to go to work making compost for you.
British Dictionary definitions for fungi

fungi

/ˈfʌŋɡaɪ; ˈfʌndʒaɪ; ˈfʌndʒɪ/
noun
1.
a plural of fungus

fungi-

combining form
1.
fungus: fungicide, fungoid

fungus

/ˈfʌŋɡəs/
noun (pl) fungi (ˈfʌŋɡaɪ; ˈfʌndʒaɪ; ˈfʌndʒɪ), funguses
1.
any member of a kingdom of organisms (Fungi) that lack chlorophyll, leaves, true stems, and roots, reproduce by spores, and live as saprotrophs or parasites. The group includes moulds, mildews, rusts, yeasts, and mushrooms
2.
something resembling a fungus, esp in suddenly growing and spreading rapidly
3.
(pathol) any soft tumorous growth
Derived Forms
fungic (ˈfʌndʒɪk) adjective
fungus-like, adjective
Word Origin
C16: from Latin: mushroom, fungus; probably related to Greek spongossponge
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for fungi
n.

Latin plural of fungus.

fungus

n.

1520s, from Latin fungus "a mushroom," in English as a learned alternative to mushroom. (Funge was used in this sense late 14c.) The Latin word is believed to be cognate with (or derived from) Greek sphongos, the Attic form of spongos "sponge" (see sponge).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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fungi in Medicine

Fungi Fun·gi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
n.
A kingdom of plantlike sporeforming organisms that grow in irregular masses without roots, stems, leaves, or photosynthetic.

fungus fun·gus (fŭng'gəs)
n. pl. fun·gus·es or fun·gi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
Any of numerous eukaryotic organisms of the kingdom Fungi, which lack chlorophyll and vascular tissue and range in form from a single cell to a body mass of branched filamentous hyphae that often produce specialized fruiting bodies.

The American Heritage® Stedman's Medical Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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fungi in Science
fungus
  (fŭng'gəs)   
Plural fungi (fŭn'jī, fŭng'gī)
Any of a wide variety of organisms that reproduce by spores, including the mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. The spores of most fungi grow a network of slender tubes called hyphae that spread into and feed off of dead organic matter or living organisms. Fungi absorb food by excreting enzymes that break down complex substances into molecules that can be absorbed into the hyphae. The hyphae also produce reproductive structures, such as mushrooms and other growths. Some fungi (called perfect fungi) can reproduce by both sexually produced spores and asexual spores; other fungi (called imperfect fungi or deuteromycetes) are thought to have lost their sexual stage and can only reproduce by asexual spores. Fungi can live in a wide variety of environments, and fungal spores can survive extreme temperatures. Fungi exist in over 100,000 species, nearly all of which live on land. They can be extremely destructive, feeding on almost any kind of material and causing food spoilage and many plant diseases. Although fungi were once grouped with plants, they are now considered a separate kingdom in taxonomy. See Table at taxonomy.

fungal adjective
The American Heritage® Science Dictionary
Copyright © 2002. Published by Houghton Mifflin. All rights reserved.
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fungi in Culture
fungi [(fun-jeye, fung-geye)]

sing. fungus

Plantlike organisms lacking chlorophyll, such as mushrooms, molds, yeasts, and mildews. Modern biologists tend to place fungi in their own kingdom, not in the plant kingdom, because they get their nutrients from other living things (or from the remains of living things that have died) rather than from photosynthesis. (See under “Medicine and Health.”)

The American Heritage® New Dictionary of Cultural Literacy, Third Edition
Copyright © 2005 by Houghton Mifflin Company.
Published by Houghton Mifflin Company. All rights reserved.
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