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furnace

[fur-nis] /ˈfɜr nɪs/
noun
1.
a structure or apparatus in which heat may be generated, as for heating houses, smelting ores, or producing steam.
2.
a place characterized by intense heat:
The volcano was a seething furnace.
3.
(initial capital letter) Astronomy. the constellation Fornax.
verb (used with object), furnaced, furnacing.
4.
to heat (a metal piece) in a furnace.
Origin of furnace
1175-1225
1175-1225; Middle English furneis, furnais < Old French fornais, fournais < Latin fornāc- (stem of fornāx kiln, oven), akin to formus warm
Related forms
furnacelike, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2015.
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Examples from the Web for furnace
Contemporary Examples
Historical Examples
  • It came from the furnace of the Revolution, tempered to the necessities of the times.

  • The garden palings were pulled up and cast into the furnace.

    Self-Help Samuel Smiles
  • Beside his furnace he had his laboratory at the foot of Bloody tower.

    Sir Walter Ralegh William Stebbing
  • The furnace was filled with pieces of brass and bronze, and the fire was lit.

    Self-Help Samuel Smiles
  • This takes the form of a square stable, heated by a furnace at the back.

  • Go bring me th' furnace, and I'll put a fire in it that quick.

    The Cruise of the Dry Dock T. S. Stribling
  • With the Americans on the furnace, the relation was the traditional one.

    Steel Charles Rumford Walker
British Dictionary definitions for furnace

furnace

/ˈfɜːnɪs/
noun
1.
an enclosed chamber in which heat is produced to generate steam, destroy refuse, smelt or refine ores, etc
2.
a very hot or stifling place
Derived Forms
furnace-like, adjective
Word Origin
C13: from Old French fornais, from Latin fornax oven, furnace; related to Latin formus warm
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for furnace
n.

early 13c., from Old French fornaise "oven, furnace" (12c.), from Latin fornacem (nominative fornax) "an oven, kiln," related to fornus, furnus "oven," and to formus "warm," from PIE root *ghwer- "warm" (cf. Greek thermos, Old English wearm; see warm (adj.)).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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furnace in the Bible

(1.) Chald. attun, a large furnace with a wide open mouth, at the top of which materials were cast in (Dan. 3:22, 23; comp. Jer. 29:22). This furnace would be in constant requisition, for the Babylonians disposed of their dead by cremation, as did also the Accadians who invaded Mesopotamia. (2.) Heb. kibshan, a smelting furnace (Gen. 19:28), also a lime-kiln (Isa. 33:12; Amos 2:1). (3.) Heb. kur, a refining furnace (Prov. 17:3; 27:21; Ezek. 22:18). (4.) Heb. alil, a crucible; only used in Ps. 12:6. (5.) Heb. tannur, oven for baking bread (Gen. 15:17; Isa. 31:9; Neh. 3:11). It was a large pot, narrowing towards the top. When it was heated by a fire made within, the dough was spread over the heated surface, and thus was baked. "A smoking furnace and a burning lamp" (Gen. 15:17), the symbol of the presence of the Almighty, passed between the divided pieces of Abraham's sacrifice in ratification of the covenant God made with him. (See OVEN.) (6.) Gr. kamnos, a furnace, kiln, or oven (Matt. 13:42, 50; Rev. 1:15; 9:2).

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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