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city, central Liaoning sheng (province), northeastern China. It is situated some 25 miles (40 km) east of Shenyang (Mukden), on the Hun River. In earlier times this area was on the frontier of Chinese settlement in Manchuria (Northeast China). It was the site of a customs station under the Tang dynasty (618-907) in the 8th century and again under the Ming dynasty (1368-1644), when it received the name Fushun. It was not until 1902, during the Qing period (1644-1911/12), that settlement in the area became legal for Han Chinese immigrants; the community then became the seat of a civil county administration.