fustic

fustic

[fuhs-tik]
noun
1.
the wood of a large, tropical American tree, Chlorophora tinctoria, of the mulberry family, yielding a light-yellow dye.
2.
the tree itself.
3.
the dye.
4.
any of several other dyewoods.
Also called old fustic (for defs 1–3).


Origin:
1425–75; late Middle English fustik < Middle French fustoc < Arabic fustuq < Persian pistah; akin to Greek pistákē pistachio tree

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World English Dictionary
fustic (ˈfʌstɪk)
 
n
1.  Also called: old fustic a large tropical American moraceous tree, Chlorophora tinctoria
2.  the yellow dye obtained from the wood of this tree
3.  any of various trees or shrubs that yield a similar dye, esp Rhus cotinus (young fustic), a European sumach
 
[C15: from French fustoc, from Spanish, from Arabic fustuq, from Greek pistakē pistachio tree]

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
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Encyclopedia Britannica
Encyclopedia

fustic

either of two natural dyes. Old fustic, or yellowwood, is derived from the heartwood of dyer's mulberry, a large, tropical American tree (Chlorophora tinctoria, or Maclura tinctoria) of the mulberry family, Moraceae. The dye produces yellows on wool mordanted (fixed) with chromium salts.

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Encyclopedia Britannica, 2008. Encyclopedia Britannica Online.
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