gage

1 [geyj]
noun
1.
something, as a glove, thrown down by a medieval knight in token of challenge to combat.
2.
Archaic. a challenge.
3.
Archaic. a pledge or pawn; security.
verb (used with object), gaged, gaging.
4.
Archaic. to pledge, stake, or wager.

Origin:
1350–1400; Middle English < Middle French < Germanic; see wage

Dictionary.com Unabridged

gage

2 [geyj]
noun, verb (used with object), gaged, gaging. (chiefly in technical use)

gager, noun

gage

3 [geyj]
noun

Origin:
1840–50; by shortening

Gage

[geyj]
noun
Thomas, 1721–87, British general in America 1763–76.
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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World English Dictionary
gage1 (ɡeɪdʒ)
 
n
1.  something deposited as security against the fulfilment of an obligation; pledge
2.  (formerly) a glove or other object thrown down to indicate a challenge to combat
 
vb
3.  archaic (tr) to stake, pledge, or wager
 
[C14: from Old French gage, of Germanic origin; compare Gothic wadi pledge]

gage2 (ɡeɪdʒ)
 
n
short for greengage

gage3 (ɡeɪdʒ)
 
n
old-fashioned, slang (US) marijuana
 
[C20: of uncertain origin; compare ganja]

gage4 (ɡeɪdʒ)
 
n, —vb
(US) a variant spelling (esp in technical senses) of gauge

Gage (ɡeɪdʒ)
 
n
Thomas. 1721--87, British general and governor in America; commander in chief of British forces at Bunker Hill (1775)

gauge or gage (ɡeɪdʒ)
 
vb
1.  to measure or determine the amount, quantity, size, condition, etc, of
2.  to estimate or appraise; judge
3.  to check for conformity or bring into conformity with a standard measurement, dimension, etc
 
n
4.  a standard measurement, dimension, capacity, or quantity
5.  any of various instruments for measuring a quantity: a pressure gauge
6.  any of various devices used to check for conformity with a standard measurement
7.  a standard or means for assessing; test; criterion
8.  scope, capacity, or extent
9.  the diameter of the barrel of a gun, esp a shotgun
10.  the thickness of sheet metal or the diameter of wire
11.  the distance between the rails of a railway track: in Britain 4 ft 8½ in. (1.435 m)
12.  the distance between two wheels on the same axle of a vehicle, truck, etc
13.  nautical the position of a vessel in relation to the wind and another vessel. One vessel may be windward (weather gauge) or leeward (lee gauge) of the other
14.  the proportion of plaster of Paris added to mortar to accelerate its setting
15.  the distance between the nails securing the slates, tiles, etc, of a roof
16.  a measure of the fineness of woven or knitted fabric, usually expressed as the number of needles used per inch
17.  the width of motion-picture film or magnetic tape
 
adj
18.  See also absolute (of a pressure measurement) measured on a pressure gauge that registers zero at atmospheric pressure; above or below atmospheric pressure: 5 bar gauge
 
[C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin]
 
gage or gage
 
vb
 
n
 
adj
 
[C15: from Old Northern French, probably of Germanic origin]
 
'gaugeable or gage
 
adj
 
'gageable or gage
 
adj
 
'gaugeably or gage
 
adv
 
'gageably or gage
 
adv

Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 10th Edition
2009 © William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009
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Etymonline
Word Origin & History

gage
"pledge," c.1300, from O.Fr. gage, from Frank. *wadja-, related to Goth. wadi "pledge," from P.Gmc. *wadjon (see wed).

gage
see gauge. "The spelling variants gauge and gage have existed since the first recorded uses in Middle English, though in American English gage is found exclusively in technical uses" [Barnhart]. Related: Gaged; gaging.
Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
Cite This Source
Example sentences
I've declined the gage of youth and endeavour.
Their aspirations shouldn't be used as a gage for what Americans aspire to.
Artificially inflated and flaunted like a social status gage.
Reliability is very important, if you can gage it.
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