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gallery

[gal-uh-ree, gal-ree] /ˈgæl ə ri, ˈgæl ri/
noun, plural galleries.
1.
a raised area, often having a stepped or sloping floor, in a theater, church, or other public building to accommodate spectators, exhibits, etc.
2.
the uppermost of such areas in a theater, usually containing the cheapest seats.
3.
the occupants of such an area in a theater.
4.
the general public, especially when regarded as having popular or uncultivated tastes.
5.
any group of spectators or observers, as at a golf match, a Congressional session, etc.
6.
a room, series of rooms, or building devoted to the exhibition and often the sale of works of art.
7.
a long covered area, narrow and open at one or both sides, used especially as a walk or corridor.
8.
Chiefly South Atlantic States. a long porch or portico; veranda.
9.
a long, relatively narrow room, especially one for public use.
10.
a corridor, especially one having architectural importance through its scale or decorative treatment.
11.
a raised, balconylike platform or passageway running along the exterior wall of a building inside or outside.
12.
a large room or building used for photography, target practice, or other special purposes:
a shooting gallery.
13.
a collection of art for exhibition.
14.
Theater. a narrow, raised platform located beyond the acting area, used by stagehands or technicians to stand on when working.
15.
Nautical. a projecting balcony or structure on the quarter or stern of a vessel.
16.
Furniture. an ornamental railing or cresting surrounding the top of a table, stand, desk, etc.
17.
Mining. a level or drift.
18.
a small tunnel in a dam, mine, or rock, for various purposes, as inspection or drainage.
19.
a passageway made by an animal.
20.
Fortification Obsolete. an underground or covered passage to another part of a fortified position.
Idioms
21.
play to the gallery, to attempt to appeal to the popular taste, as opposed to a more refined or esoteric taste:
Movies, though still playing mainly to the gallery, have taken their place as a significant art form.
Origin
late Middle English
1400-1450
1400-50; late Middle English < Old French galerie < Medieval Latin galeria, by dissimilation or suffix replacement from galilea, galilæa galilee
Related forms
galleried, adjective
gallerylike, adjective
ungalleried, adjective
Dictionary.com Unabridged
Based on the Random House Dictionary, © Random House, Inc. 2014.
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Examples from the web for gallery
  • When designers make gallery pieces, you get sculptural chairs and charred chandeliers.
  • They were for friends, family and maybe a gallery owner or two.
  • Being hooded was so much more fun that watching from the peanut gallery.
  • Here's an interesting question for the peanut gallery.
  • But there is now a new central square, complete with a swish art gallery.
  • Rambling, unpretentious motel with art gallery attached.
  • Today, the house is bowed and warped, and has had a steel frame inserted to support the heavy upper gallery.
  • On the west side of the building, elevator and stair landings overlook a gallery.
  • But it is unclear whether the president's proposal is anything more than playing to the gallery.
  • Next door, the ceramics gallery always has something interesting going on, from lush tableware to funky pots.
British Dictionary definitions for gallery

gallery

/ˈɡælərɪ/
noun (pl) -leries
1.
a room or building for exhibiting works of art
2.
a covered passageway open on one side or on both sides See also colonnade (sense 1)
3.
  1. a balcony running along or around the inside wall of a church, hall, etc
  2. a covered balcony, sometimes with columns on the outside
4.
(theatre)
  1. an upper floor that projects from the rear over the main floor and contains the cheapest seats
  2. the seats there
  3. the audience seated there
5.
a long narrow room, esp one used for a specific purpose: a shooting gallery
6.
(mainly US) a building or room where articles are sold at auction
7.
an underground passage, as in a mine, the burrow of an animal, etc
8.
(theatre) a narrow raised platform at the side or along the back of the stage for the use of technicians and stagehands
9.
(in a TV studio) a glass-fronted soundproof room high up to one side of the studio looking into it. One gallery is used by the director and an assistant and one is for lighting, etc
10.
(nautical) a balcony or platform at the quarter or stern of a ship, sometimes used as a gun emplacement
11.
a small ornamental metal or wooden balustrade or railing on a piece of furniture, esp one surrounding the top of a desk, table, etc
12.
any group of spectators, as at a golf match
13.
play to the gallery, to try to gain popular favour, esp by crude appeals
Word Origin
C15: from Old French galerie, from Medieval Latin galeria, probably from galileagalilee, a porch or chapel at entrance to medieval church
Collins English Dictionary - Complete & Unabridged 2012 Digital Edition
© William Collins Sons & Co. Ltd. 1979, 1986 © HarperCollins
Publishers 1998, 2000, 2003, 2005, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2012
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Word Origin and History for gallery
n.

c.1500, from Middle French galerie "a long portico" (14c.), from Medieval Latin galeria, of uncertain origin, perhaps an alteration of galilea "church porch," which is probably from Latin Galilaea "Galilee," the northernmost region of Palestine (see Galilee); church porches sometimes were so called from being at the far end of the church.

Super altare Beatæ Mariæ in occidentali porte ejusdem ecclesiæ quæ Galilæ a vocatur. [c.1186 charter in "Durham Cathedral"]
Sense of "building to house art" first recorded 1590s; that of "people who occupy a (theater) gallery" (contrasted with "gentlemen of the pit") first by Lovelace, 1640s, hence to play to the gallery (1867).

Online Etymology Dictionary, © 2010 Douglas Harper
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Slang definitions & phrases for gallery
The Dictionary of American Slang, Fourth Edition by Barbara Ann Kipfer, PhD. and Robert L. Chapman, Ph.D.
Copyright (C) 2007 by HarperCollins Publishers.
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gallery in the Bible

(1.) Heb. 'attik (Ezek. 41:15, 16), a terrace; a projection; ledge. (2.) Heb. rahit (Cant. 1:17), translated "rafters," marg. "galleries;" probably panel-work or fretted ceiling.

Easton's 1897 Bible Dictionary
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Idioms and Phrases with gallery
The American Heritage® Idioms Dictionary
Copyright © 2002, 2001, 1995 by Houghton Mifflin Company. Published by Houghton Mifflin Company.
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